Bastionul Theresia, Timisoara

4.2
#3 of 10 in Historic Sites in Timisoara
Theresia Bastion, named after the Austrian Empress Maria Theresa, is the largest preserved piece of defensive wall of the Austrian-Hungarian fortress of Timișoara. It covers about 1.7 hectares of the city center. It was built between 1732–1734. Today it is used as a passage, but it also houses commercial spaces, restaurants, bars, a disco and a library, and two permanent exhibitions of the Museum of Banat, the Information and Communications Technology "Violin - a passion for life", and the Ethnography Museum Village. The bastion is included on the list of historical monuments in the Timiș County with classification code TM-II-m-A-06103.03.HistoryAfter the conquest of Timișoara by the Habsburgs in 1716, it was realized that the old fortifications could not cope with new fighting techniques, therefore it was decided to rebuild the whole city in Pagan style (a fortress-stronghold of a stellar shape). It had an area larger than the Ottoman medieval fortress. The city was surrounded by three stellar belts that could be filled with water. Access was via three gates: of Vienna, Petrovaradin and Transylvania (completely demolished in 1891). The nine bastions of the fortress were named after kings and queens or generals. In the second half of the 19th century, the majority of the city walls was demolished to make room for the rapidly expanding city.Literature Mihai Opriș, Timișoara: Monografie urbanistică, vol. I: Descoperiri recente care au impus corectarea istoriei urbanistice a Timișoarei, Timișoara: Ed. BrumaR, 2007, Valentin Capotescu, Arhitectura militară bastionară în România, vol. I: Cetatea Timișoarei, Timișoara: Ed. Bastion, 2008,
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Bastionul Theresia Reviews
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TripAdvisor
  • It is not much is left of Timisoara comprehensive defence system with all three rings, but when visiting Bationul Theresia and sees the remaining thick walls, one gets an impression of how thoroughly the town has been entrenched. What we see is a bastion, or a ravelin, first documented in 1732. There is no museum or similar indoor attached to the bastion, but restaurants, so if you are just interested in history and architecture, so it doesn't take long to visit Bastionul Theresia.
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  • This is one of the attractions in Timisoara...I like the fact that it's renovated and it's a good place to meet up with somebody for a drink and a chat. They also have a few restaurants there, with gr...  more »
  • If you like historical places, you will love this one! This is my favorite place in this city, and it feels so special to be in an old fortification. i recommend visiting!  more »
Google
  • Sad place. Modern architecture but does not work for people. No parking space.
  • I recommend a visit at the Christmas market. Just opened.
  • Dating from the 1700s, the last remains of the Austro-Hungarian empire's fortress in Temesvar. Now museums, terraces and a bistro.
  • One of the most interesting POIs in Timisoara. It haz nice bars and restaurants inside of it, a good place to visit.
  • Nice remnant of old city walls.

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Look close to the parks north of the river for some of the most upscale and ideally located hotels, including modern options with pools and spas. Things get a little more budget and backpacker-friendly south of the river, while still being right in the thick of all the sightseeing hotspots.
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