Sarmizegetusa Regia, Sarmizegetusa

Sarmizegetusa Regia, also Sarmisegetusa, Sarmisegethusa, Sarmisegethuza, Ζαρμιζεγεθούσα or Ζερμιζεγεθούση, was the capital and the most important military, religious and political centre of the Dacians prior to the wars with the Roman Empire. Erected on top of a 1200 m high mountain, the fortress, comprising six citadels, was the core of a strategic defensive system in the Orăştie Mountains .Sarmizegetusa Regia should not be confused with Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa, the Roman capital of Dacia built by Roman Emperor Trajan some 40 km away, which was not the Dacian capital. Sarmizegetusa Ulpia was discovered earlier, was known already in the early 1900s, and was initially mistaken for the Dacian capital, a confusion which led to incorrect conclusions being made regarding the military history and organization of the Dacians.EtymologySeveral hypotheses have been advanced to explain the origin of the name Sarmizegetusa. The most important of these ascribe the following possible meanings to the city's name: ‘Citadel built of palisades on a mountain peak’ from zermi (*gher-mi ‘mountain peak, top’, cf. *gher ‘stone; high’) and zeget (*geg(H)t) ‘City of the warm river’ from zarmi ‘warm’ (cognate with Sanskrit gharma ‘warm’) and zeget ‘flow’ (cognate with Sanskrit sarj- in sarjana- ‘flow’ and Bactrian harez- in harezâna ‘id.’), the city being named after the nearby river Sargetia ‘Palace illuminating the world of life’ from zaryma ‘palace’ (cf. Sanskrit harmya ‘palace’), zegeth ‘world of life’ (cf. Sanskrit jagat- ‘go’, and jigat- ‘mobility; world of life’) and usa ‘illuminating, enlightening; burning’)(in Latin, literally SARMIS-ET-GETUS-A (dative case) REGIA)
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Sarmizegetusa Regia Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.5
114 reviews
Google
4.6
TripAdvisor
  • 2km walk up the hill to see the ancient Dacian settlement. This place is incredibly peaceful early in the morning. Really quiet, no intrusive noises at all. Well worth the visit  more »
  • it is a beautiful place, quiet and good for a light hike trough the site. If you are fascinated about history and ruins then you are in the right place.  more »
  • Sarmizegetusa Regia has been the political and religious capital of Dacia for about 200 years, 2 000 years ago. They've been over here our ancestors' kings, more brave and patriotic than us. For a Rom...  more »
Google
  • I liked the place, the idea of the people in that time but to reach there is not very easy. The archeological site is preserved and that is about it... You don't really get the idea of what an amazing citadel was there because you can only see some stones(Pilar bases). There is a lot of space there and they could make it worth a full day of visit.if you go with children you would have to give a lot of explanations for them to be interested and not to drag you out of there in 30 minutes.
  • Wonderful place to visit. The place feels mythical. The fact that only a very small part has been excavated allows visiting to imagine what it could have looked like 2200 years ago. The road to it is wonderful compared to most rural Romanian roads. It is, however pretty remote, so make sure you plan accordingly timewise.
  • Nice place with new road, easy to access. Parking lot 1 km away.
  • Best historical site in the area.. Visit and tell your friend to visist this amazing place.
  • Our ancestors capital ...HONOR ET PATRIA
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