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Viana do Castelo

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Viana do Castelo is a municipality and seat of the district of Viana do Castelo in the Norte Region of Portugal. The population in 2011 was 88,725, in an area of 319.02 km². The urbanized area of the municipality, comprising the city, has a population of approximately 36,148 inhabitants.HistoryHuman settlement in the region of Viana began during the Mesolithic era, from discoveries and archaeological excavations. Even around the Roman occupation the area was settled along the Mount of Santa Luzia.The settlement of Viana da Foz do Lima, which it was called when King Afonso III of Portugal issued a foral (charter) on 18 July 1258, was a formalization of the 1253 Viana that the area was named.In the 16th century, its port gained great importance as one of the entry-points for Portuguese explorers and traders, involved in the Portuguese discoveries. Many of the historical buildings originated during this period.The prosperity that continued developed from the town's role as a port, protected by defensive structures (such as the Tower of Roqueta) to repel pirates from Galicia and north Africa. The port's ties to northern Europe came primarily from exports of wine, fruits and salt, and imports of tile, textiles and glass.After the maritime discoveries and trade, the commercial life of Viana reached its greatest proportions during the reign of Queen Maria II of Portugal, when the monarch established the Associação Comercial de Viana do Castelo in 1852 (the fourth oldest public company of its type). The queen, in order to reward the loyalty of its citizens, who did not surrender to the Count of Antas, elevated the town to the status of city on 20 January 1848, renaming the settlement with its current name.
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Recently planned trips to Viana do Castelo

19 days in Portugal BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES September, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, hidden gems PREFERENCES: September, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 7 days in Viana do Castelo District BY A USER FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA July, outdoors, popular PREFERENCES: July, outdoors ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 2 days in Viana do Castelo BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL July, kids, popular PREFERENCES: July, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 2 days in Viana do Castelo BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL September, kids, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: September, kids ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy 15 days in Northern Portugal BY A USER FROM FRANCE July, kids, outdoors, beaches, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: July, kids, outdoors, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 19 days in Portugal BY A USER FROM AUSTRIA June, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Viana do Castelo District BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM August, popular PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 20 days in Portugal BY A USER FROM SPAIN July, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, popular PREFERENCES: July, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 11 days in Northern Portugal BY A USER FROM BELGIUM September, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, hidden gems PREFERENCES: September, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 60 days in Europe BY A USER FROM COLOMBIA June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, popular PREFERENCES: June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 59 days in Europe BY A USER FROM COLOMBIA June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, popular PREFERENCES: June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 15 days in Northern Portugal BY A USER FROM CANADA September, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums, hidden gems PREFERENCES: September, culture, outdoors, beaches, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium
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