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Mirobriga, Santiago do Cacem

(3.9/5 based on 40 reviews on the web)
Miróbriga is an ancient Roman town located near the village and civil parish of Santiago do Cacém, in the municipality of the same name in the south-west of Portugal. Archeology revealed a that the town occupied the site of an ancient Iron Age settlement that existed since the 9th century B.C.With the Roman colonization a commercial area developed around the Forum. The baths, among the best preserved in Portugal, consist of two adjoining buildings, possibly for male and female use respectively. The residential areas are still little known. Relatively close to the baths, there is a bridge with a single, semicircular arch. The hippodrome, the only one whose entire ground plan is completely known in Portugal, is located further from the centre.HistoryExcavations and investigations, suggest that the earliest settlement began to take shape in the 9th century B.C., and that the defensive walls began appearing between the 4th-3rd century B.C. This settlement occupied an area of 11,800 m², with the population inhabiting the area along the embankment and north-east corner of Castelo Velho, of which only a wall and temple remains .By about the second half of the 1st century Roman occupation began, expanding the site and occupying an area of 28,000 m². At this time the thermal baths and paved road along the southeast were constructed, reflecting the Flavian economic prosperity. Around the first half of the 2nd century, the construction of the Oriental baths and hippodrome was begun, followed by a second phase of construction in the second half of the 2nd century and 3rd century.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • This place is extraordinary. Has a size and a variety of impressive buildings. The part of the public baths is huge is fascinating by engineering involved. A must-see for those who walk through the region.
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  • We recommend to visit the Museum, both in outer space. The Spa, well preserved, showed that that was an important centre during the Roman occupation of the Iberian Peninsula.
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  • Miróbriga should (not sure) be related to the fact that it is relatively close to the river Mira (Miró) and have to do with a fortified Celtic population (fight) that there was. Have been a population cluster with the same characteristics as those of the provinces and cities that would occupy an area between 10 and 12 ha. It is believed to have had about of 2500 inhabitants. In the Centre of Interpretation we have the opportunity to view artifacts found on this site that indicate a very old Man occupation as are examples of polished stone axes, polished stone hammer, Flint blade fragment, several potsherds and spearhead in iron. The city, itself, is composed of two clearly distinct areas: the composed of houses that have been inhabited by people of lower (poor) condition that usually were very numerous and who called themselves ínsula (insulae). This type of housing was located in places further away from the city centre where the Forum was located and the locker room. These homes had no running water and had a wooden floor because of the humidity. Were arranged in blocks. Along the road are the sewer system that served to drain the rainwaters lest inundassem the houses and the city. Organized retilínia all the streets will give one of the two main streets. Like all provincial Roman cities Miróbriga this organized around two main roads: North/South and East/West that were also the entry points in the city. Next to the Forum you will find the junction that connects the Road East/West and North/South Road. For the latter that the people left in the direction of Olisipo (modern Lisbon). The baths or showers: the oldest or This (built in the 1st century AD) were used by the entire population to the construction of the new or West (built later). When this happened the old locker room should be transformed into een getting the new for men. Here came to bathe all people of Miróbriga, including slaves. However, the baths would be different, depending on the money you pay. The poorest would get a simple bath, while the richest would cold baths, smelly and hot, with massages and scented oils. We can visit a domus (House of Lord Rico) where there is in good condition, a room with frescos. AAS shops (tabernae) would have the underside of stone and then would have a first floor in wood. The shops up the street (closer to the Forum) would have possibly beyond the store, two more floors. The last would be the housing of its owner. The Hippodrome (the largest in the Iberian Peninsula) who had 395 meters long and 75 feet wide. Unfortunately is far away, in private grounds, and cannot visit. The forum was the most important part of the city. Had a public square around which deployed the buildings that constituted the political-administrative and religious Center: on one side of the square is the Church and the West side was the Curia. It was in these buildings that were important and affairs relating to life in the city. The temple, Center, and on a higher plane, with the front directed toward the square, was dedicated to the imperial cult. The public square pavement was coated limestone blocks (foul s. limestone Brissos), being still visible remains of the same or its negative. This square is today covered by a layer of sand to destroy these negatives that are the brands where were based the blocks that have been removed from there during the construction of the city of Santiago do Cacém. Should come prepared with comfortable shoes, ready to go up and down, with camera, a cap or hat and willingness to meet a magnificent space. If fortunate enough to be able to be accompanied by Mr Raúl will be much more enriching.
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