Trip Planner: Europe / Portugal / Alentejo / Evora District / Montemor-o-Novo / Nature / Escoural Cave
The Prehistoric Rock-Art Site of Escoural Cave is a structure known for its Paleolithic-era rock-art and funerary burial site, located in the Portuguese municipality of Montemor-o-Novo, in the civil parish of Santiago do Escoural.HistoryThe earliest vestiges of human occupation date back to 50,000 years B.C. (pertaining to the middle Paleolithic), associated with the interior of the cave. The first occupants of the cave came from groups of Neanderthal hunter-gatherers, who used the cave as a temporary shelter in order to hunt. Based on bone evidence within the cave, these groups hunted nearby aurochs, deer, and horse. Elements of rock art also pertain to the Upper Paleolithic (40,000 to 10,000 years B.C.) or final parts of the Neolithic period, when the interior was used as a funerary site, while a small settlement inhabited the area in the exterior. During the Chalcolithic period, a human settlement existed within the cave, developing into a fortified site by the end of Copper Age.A series of archaeological investigations began in 1963, under Manuel Farinha dos Santos, which continued in 1980, while a team of international investigators performed soundings in 1989. In 1999 it was included in the Programa de Valorização e Divulgação Turística: Itinerários Arqueológicos do Alentejo e Algarve, under the Ministry of Commerce and Tourism, and Secretary-of-State of Culture in order to monetize the sight as a tourist pole. As a result, an interpretive centre was constructed from a local traditional building, then expanded, reopened in 2011 after new public works.With our international travel planner, Montemor-o-Novo attractions like Escoural Cave can be center stage of your vacation plans, and you can find out about other attractions like it, unlike it, near it, and miles away.
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Plans in Montemor-o-Novo by other users
59 days in Europe & Africa BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL June, popular PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 5 days in Faro, Montemor-o-Novo & Odivelas BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL April, romantic, historic sites, slow & easy, popular PREFERENCES: April, romantic, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Slow & easy 10 days in Portugal BY A USER FROM BELGIUM September, culture, beaches, historic sites, popular PREFERENCES: September, culture, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium
Pontos positivos: excelente projecto de recuperação. Guia muito bem preparada. Bilhetes baratos. Gruta muito interessante, apesar de o reconhecimento das gravuras não ser imediato. Pontos negativos: n... more »Good points: excellent recovery project. Guide very well prepared. Cheap tickets. Very interesting cave, despite recognition of the prints not be immediate. Negatives: nothingView original
Este local foi visitado com uns amigos que temos em comum o Geocaching, onde a organização reservou esta visita que tivemos o prazer de ter. Marco histórico que recomendo! more »This site was visited with some friends we have in common the Geocaching, where the Organization has reserved this visit we had the pleasure of having that landmark recommend! ...View original
Devia ser mais publicitada tem importância histórica falta algumas condições para quem visita muito do espólio foi levado encontra-se em Lisboa só ficaram as gravuras e pouco mais more »Should be more publicized has historical importance lack some conditions for those visiting much of the loot was taken is in Lisbon just got the pictures and little moreView original
Book before the visit! It is a very significant place is terms of archeological significance and deserves a visit if you are in the region.
Bodil og Lasse Larsen
You will have to book it by phone minimum a day before. There is no one there, if you don't book
Lindo! A Gruta em si é pequena, e está repleta de magia e história! A visita tem de ser marcada com antecedência, no Centro Interpretativo do Escoural.
Horário está desactualizado. As visitas funcionam mediante marcação prévia e ocorrem, por norma, às 10h30 e 14h30, mínimo de duas pessoas e máximo de dez.
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