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Mertola

Trip Planner Europe  /  Portugal  /  Alentejo  /  Beja District  /  Mertola
Mértola is a municipality in southeastern Portuguese Alentejo near the Spanish border. In 2011, the population was 7,274, in an area of approximately 1292.87km2: it is the sixth-largest municipality in Portugal. Meanwile, it is the second-lowest population centre by density with approximately 5.62 persons/1km2 (second to the adjacent Alcoutim).The seat of the municipality is the town of Mértola, which has around 2800 inhabitants (2011), located on a hill over the Guadiana River. Its strategic location made it an important fluvial commercial port in Classical Antiquity, through the period of Umayyad conquest of Hispania: Mértola's main church (the Church of Nossa Senhora da Anunciação) was the only medieval mosque to have survived the period in Portugal.HistoryDuring Classical Antiquity, Mértola was inhabited by Phoenicians, Carthaginians and finally the Romans, who called it Myrtilis Iulia. The strategic location of Mértola, on a hill by the northernmost navigable part of the Guadiana river, was crucial in its early development. Agricultural products grown in the villae nearby and valuable minerals (silver, gold and tin) obtained from the lower Alentejo region were sent from the fluvial port of Mértola via the Guadiana to Southern Hispania and the Mediterranean. Between 1st and 2nd century, Myrtilis, was part of the larger Pacensis region (under the capital Beja/Pax Julia), acquired a great importance, as a dynamic commercial centre, permitting it to mint its own coin.. The town was raised to the status of a Municipium in times of Emperor Augustus and was connected to important Roman cities (Beja, Évora) through a road system.
Mertola is in Beja District. Our Portugal online road trip planner allows you to schedule your trip to Mertola, learn about its attractions, and find out about where else to go during your holiday.
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Recently planned trips to Mertola

5 days in Mertola BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL September, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, wildlife, popular sights PREFERENCES: September, teens, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 8 days in Alentejo BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM September, slow & easy, hidden gems PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy 3 days in Beja District BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL August, romantic, popular sights PREFERENCES: August, romantic ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 10 days in Alentejo BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES October, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: October ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 6 days in Beja District BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES September, popular sights PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 12 days in Alentejo BY A USER FROM SWEDEN July, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, historic sites, wildlife, slow & easy, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: July, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, historic sites, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Slow & easy 13 days in Alentejo BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL August, fast-paced, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: August ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Fast-paced 8 days in Mertola BY A USER FROM PHILIPPINES July, culture, historic sites, popular sights PREFERENCES: July, culture, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Mertola BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM April, popular sights PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 8 days in Alentejo BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM March, popular sights PREFERENCES: March ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 4 days in Mertola BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL February, popular sights PREFERENCES: February ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 8 days in Alentejo BY A USER FROM PORTUGAL June, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium
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