Rossio Train Station, Lisbon

4.3
#43 of 604 in Things to do in Lisbon
The Rossio Railway Station is a railway station in Lisbon, Portugal, located in the Rossio square. The station was formerly known as Estação Central and that designation still appears in its façade. Trains gain access to the station, which is in the central urban area of Lisbon, through a tunnel which is more than 2600m long.HistoryThe station was commissioned by the Portuguese Royal Railway Company and was designed between 1886 and 1887 by Portuguese architect José Luís Monteiro. It was built in one of the most important squares of Lisbon, the Rossio, and connected the city to the region of Sintra.The tunnel was excavated under the city and is considered one of the most important works of engineering in Portugal dating from the 19th century. It was completed in 1890, and soon after Lisbon's Circle Line with a connection to the North Line also opened. The station became Lisbon's main passenger terminus until 1957, from that date only a few long distance trains terminated at Rossio, mainly West Line services, until the early 1990s.The station was closed to rail services from 22 October 2004 until 12 February 2008 due to tunnel renewal work.ArchitectureThe Neo-Manueline façade dominates the northwest side of the square and is a Romantic recreation of the exuberant Manueline style, typical of early 16th century Portugal. Its most interesting features are the two intertwined horseshoe portals at the entrance, the clock in a small turret and the abundant sculptural decoration. Inside, the platforms are connected by ramps to the façade level and are covered by a cast-iron structure executed by a Belgian firm. The station is an important example of Romantic (façade) and cast-iron (platform cover) architecture in Portugal.
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Rossio Train Station Reviews
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  • August 19, 2017
    Rossio train station is a wonderful example of Manueline architecture, in the Centre of Rossio Square. Here come the trains to Sintra and Cascais, for example. Getting here is quite easy, because the League AV. freedom to Terreiro do Paço. Is the heart of Lisbon!
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  • August 18, 2017
    Original station with as of the horseshoes at the entrance! We went to Sintra by train, there is one every twenty minutes, and the fare is really cheap (free ride with the Lisboa card)
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  • August 18, 2017
    Compared to the UK, Portugal's trains are cheap, clean and comfortable. They even run on time. Make the most of them for Sintra and Cascais.  more »
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  • Great exterior, so pretty I installed walked past it not realising it was the train station. Trains run from Rossio to Sintra (great place for a day trip or overnight stay from Lisbon). Train fare is very good in comparison to other cities in Europe.
  • Extremely rude staff. Upon a faulty ticket purchase, we were neither helped but shoved aside, forced to buy another ticket
  • The building work, awarded to a Belgian company, included, in addition to the station, the opening of the Rossio railway tunnel, the road link to Calçada do Carmo and Hotel Palace and began in 1886. The contract of the Rossio Railway Station was fast and after only 4 years and the station was inaugurated. On November 23, 1890, it opened to the public and to railway traffic with the name of the Avenue station. The Rossio Railway Station has a Neo-Manueline style, the building that houses the Rossio Station is considered a true monument and proved to be classified as a Public Interest Building awarded by the State in 1971 which included several other properties in the area Liberty avenue. The Rossio Railway Station has a main façade with 8 doors and 18 windows, the architectural set of the station entrance, made by the Restauradores area, is embellished by the beautifully decorated clock that is placed at the top center of the Building as if crowning this perfect combination of elements that can still fit the revivalist line of late Portuguese romanticism. A wake-up call also covers the boarding pier, an excellent example of the iron architecture, which was very fashionable in the 19th century. Regarding the configuration and use of this railway infrastructure, it is also necessary to make reference to the curious fact that the station's embarkation platforms are located 30 meters above the level of the main entrance, coinciding with the last floor of the building. On the other hand, the access of the trains to the station of the Rossio, possible only via station of Campolide, is made through a tunnel with double track of approximately 2.6 km of length and with a vaulted profile of 8 m of width by 6 M in height. The Rossio Railway Station, which has been operating for about 120 years, has long been the main train station in the city of Lisbon due to its proximity to downtown and downtown. With the increase in passenger and train traffic, especially from the Sintra Line, it was necessary to decentralize this movement in order to streamline the city's public transport system. Thus, international and long-distance trains started to stop at Santa Apolónia station, with Rossio being reserved for suburban rail traffic only. Over the years Rossio Station has been the target of several interventions and improvements and already in the last decade of the twentieth century was built a subterranean north atrium in order to create a direct connection to the network of the Lisbon Metro - Blue Line - and buses of the Restorers. Currently the Rossio Railway Station is one of the most vibrant and lively places in the Portuguese capital. Thousands and thousands of people, arriving and departing from Lisbon, spend every day for it and from there they can easily and quickly reach the city center and Baixa Pombalina.
  • Magnificent building, no other way to describe the architecture of this building. Easy find, no entry fee. Commercial establishments including a starbucks can be found inside. Good photo op.
  • This train station is in a great location. This station is clean, organized and a also has lockers.

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Where to stay in Lisbon

Check into one of Lisbon's grand city center hotels to position yourself well to explore the central historical districts on foot. To avoid the potentially high prices of some of the Old Town's central upscale hotels, try staying in a hostel instead. While some hostels have an upper age limit for their guests, they're affordable and oftentimes offer access to attractions on par with or better than bigger hotels. In the upper town, opt for one of the family-run bed and breakfasts, which provide affordable rooms and, as the name would suggest, include a meal as well.
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