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Museu do Aljube, Lisbon

(4.5/5 based on 75+ reviews on the web)
Museu do Aljube is located in Lisbon. Use our Lisbon trip itinerary maker to add Museu do Aljube and other attractions to your Lisbon vacation plans.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • We came across this museum of Portugal's dictatorship by accident. Whereas most people know about the dictatorship of Franco in Spain, the history of Portugal is much less well known. The displays are...  more »
  • In the average travel guide you will find the Museo do Aljube opened on 25 april 2015. The museum highlights the black page in the history of Portugal from 1926 until the Carnation Revolution of 25 March 1974, the time of the dictatorship of Salazar and Caetano. It is a museum of resistance and freedom, a museum dedicated to those women and men who are under the most difficult conditions resistance to the dictatorship and continued to believe in freedom and democracy. In order to understand the current Portugal, is a visit to this museum close to the Cathedral an absolute must. "Aljube" comes from Arabic and means something like source without water. The building served from 1928 to 1965 as a prison for political prisoners. The secret police has interrogated prisoners and tortured and even murdered. After a conviction by the courts political prisoners were often banished to camps in Madeira and East Timor. The museum has 4 substantive floors: on the ground floor is an exhibition on the illegal press and the operation of censorship. On the first floor is the system of the dictatorship of Oliveira Salazar and explained the functioning of the political courts and in a broader perspective (Mussolini, Hitler). On the second floor provides examples of prisoners. Their police photos speak volumes. In particular, the Communist party played an important role in the resistance. But betrayal and secret police lay in wait. The end of the second world war brought hope, but which was brutally crushed by the regime. On this floor you can see the isolation cells, where prisoners had to stay under appalling conditions. On the third floor is the exhibition in the struggle for independence in Angola, Mozambique and East Timor and the political and financial impact on the society in Portugal. During the dictatorship were illiteracy and infant mortality rate sky high. With the rebellion of the army against the dictator Caetano on 25 March 1974 (Carnation Revolution) came to an end the dictatorship and Portugal could continue to develop in freedom and democracy at last. A process that with the inclusion of Portugal in the European Union in 1986 gained momentum. The exhibition is in Portuguese, but has captions in English.
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  • This museum is not in any of the guides we had read before we went to Lisbon, but it is a gem of a museum. It tells the stark story of recent Portuguese history and imprisonment of political opponents...  more »