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Aqueduto das Aguas Livres, Lisbon

(150+ reviews on the web)
Landmark Tourist Spot
The Águas Livres Aqueduct is a historic aqueduct in the city of Lisbon, Portugal. It is one of the most remarkable examples of 18th-century Portuguese engineering. The main course of the aqueduct covers 18 km, but the whole network of canals extends through nearly 58 km.The city of Lisbon has always suffered from the lack of drinking water, and King John V decided to build an aqueduct to bring water from sources in the parish of Caneças, in the modern municipality of Odivelas. The project was paid for by a special sales tax on beef, olive oil, wine, and other products.HistoryConstruction started in 1731 under the direction of Italian architect Antonio Canevari, replaced in 1732 by a group of Portuguese architects and engineers, including Manuel da Maia, Azevedo Fortes and José da Silva Pais. Between 1733 and 1736, the project was directed by Manuel da Maia, who in turn was replaced by Custódio Vieira, who would remain at the head of the project until around 1747.Custódio Vieira conceived the centerpiece of the aqueduct, the arches over the Alcantara valley, completed in 1744. A total of 35 arches cross the valley, covering 941 m. The tallest arches reach a height of 65 m, and many are pointed, reminiscent of arches in Gothic style. It is considered a masterpiece of engineering in the Baroque period.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • An 18th. century gem, this wonderful structure still carries water today along its 18 kilometre length  more »
  • Well this was used to transfer water between Sintra and Lisbon so it is many kilometres long. You can see it while travelling to/from Sintra. Impressive!!  more »
  • The historic aqueduct was finished just before the great earthquake of 1755, but managed to remain intact, which is a real praise for the engineers who built it. It is a magnificent construction, stil...  more »
Google
  • While in Lisbon I find this place most thrilling and repeat to come again and again.The view is most impressive and I found out where is ...water is life so important for living and so much wasted in ourdays..The little old remaining houses in Campolide also is a place to appreciate the grandeur of the construction of the aqueduct..
  • This was the 1st place which I wanted to visit after landing at Lisbon.
  • Great view and friendly staff, but very far away from the centre of Lisbon. If you have enough time it is a nice place to visit, but they can make so much more of it.
  • Impressive beautiful structure built by Romans. Nice surroundings !
  • An example of past civil engineering work in modern era.