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Citania de Briteiros, Guimaraes

(170+ reviews on the web)
Ruin
The Citânia de Briteiros is a Castro culture archaeological site located in the civil parish of Briteiros São Salvador e Briteiros Santa Leocádia in the municipality of Guimarães; important for its size, "urban" form and developed architecture, it is one of the more excavated sites in northwestern Iberian Peninsula. Although primarily known as the remains of an Iron Age proto-urban hill fort (or oppidum), the excavations at the site have revealed evidence of sequential settlement, extending from the Bronze to Middle Ages.HistoryThe site was probably constructed between the first and second century BCE. Notes by Martins Sarmento and from recent explorations show that the Monte de São Romão was a favoured location for rock art engravings of the Atlantic Bronze Age, in the beginning of the first millennium BCE; it is not known when or why this first group left. Numerous early engraved rock surfaces were destroyed when many boulders were cut to build the ramparts and family compounds as the Castro settlement grew. Little is known of the beginnings of the Castro occupation, as no structures from the late Bronze Age have been found. Pottery from the early Iron Age has been found, when the settlement would already have been fortified. The majority of the ruins visible today have been dated from the second Iron Age, especially the last two centuries BCE.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Having taught at the University of Minho on many occasions, I often saw a sign that simply pointed in the direction of an "ancient city." I eventually got around to stopping at this place, and have go...  more »
  • Although I'm an archaeology buff, I can't see how you would want to miss this site. It is Celtic and Roman ruins, and offers great views of the surrounding area. It has a little visitors center with r...  more »
  • Portugal has so many historical treasures but this one seems to be ignored by all but local legions of school kids study programs. We we the only adults visiting on a gorgeous spring day. Fabulous sit...  more »
Google
  • O lugar é lindo e milenar. Muito acessível e bem localizado possui vasta área de visitação. Só não recebe 5 estrelas por não ser muito explicativo. Recomendo a visita.
  • Well kept €3 entrance
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  • Interesting. Large area of buildings and walkways. Shame about the crappy power Canal reconstruction of the baths, made in stainless steel!
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  • This open all day just closes at noon q is in the village Museum. Care! Small one has two parking lots at the door and one on the road. They opened the car forcing the lock and stole from us the bags. The Administration could put surveillance or notices in the parking. If you can not park up I would not leave him on the road.
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  • Very nice remains of Roman construction. It remains a part of the streets between the houses...
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