Citania de Briteiros, Guimaraes

4.3
#7 of 15 in Historic Sites in Guimaraes
The Citânia de Briteiros is a Castro culture archaeological site located in the civil parish of Briteiros São Salvador e Briteiros Santa Leocádia in the municipality of Guimarães; important for its size, "urban" form and developed architecture, it is one of the more excavated sites in northwestern Iberian Peninsula. Although primarily known as the remains of an Iron Age proto-urban hill fort (or oppidum), the excavations at the site have revealed evidence of sequential settlement, extending from the Bronze to Middle Ages.HistoryThe site was probably constructed between the first and second century BCE. Notes by Martins Sarmento and from recent explorations show that the Monte de São Romão was a favoured location for rock art engravings of the Atlantic Bronze Age, in the beginning of the first millennium BCE; it is not known when or why this first group left. Numerous early engraved rock surfaces were destroyed when many boulders were cut to build the ramparts and family compounds as the Castro settlement grew. Little is known of the beginnings of the Castro occupation, as no structures from the late Bronze Age have been found. Pottery from the early Iron Age has been found, when the settlement would already have been fortified. The majority of the ruins visible today have been dated from the second Iron Age, especially the last two centuries BCE.
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Citania de Briteiros Reviews
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185 reviews
Google
4.0
TripAdvisor
  • August 17, 2017
    Multiple interest of the site of this ancient city: for fans of history, as for lovers of walks in the natural site. Fortunately, not too many new buildings: this leaves room for the imagination. Provide good shoes. Totally unsuitable site to the pmr (or parents who still need the stroller... but large cafeteria with terrace to wait)
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  • August 14, 2017
    Well worth a visit if this type of archaeology is you thing. We loved it and spent around 3 hours wandering around this well preserved peaceful site. Amazing I have never seen anything like this befor...  more »
  • July 22, 2017
    Located high on a mountaintop, the views enjoyed by the "upper class' rulers of this Iron Age community were splendid. There was a thriving town here more than 2,000 years ago. Again, it is to the eve...  more »
Google
  • Beautiful and interesting archaeological site taking you back to the Iron Age... is very well kept and with notes in English and Portuguese... very large complex with many houses and walls and even the remains a of the communal bath... is a great experience and looks like a romantic and mythical setting... is historic and a place that the Portuguese people consider a treasure
  • Worth the visit. Could be cleaner.
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  • A beautiful site to be visited and with great wealth. Needed better explanation of each location.
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  • Roots of our country. Not to be missed. Visit also the Museum in the village.
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  • Is not recovered the family house as the site because it is hot. But it is well worth the visit.
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Where to stay in Guimaraes

As one of Portugal's biggest tourist cities and home to a wealth of historical buildings and other sites, Guimaraes boasts a wide array of options for accommodations ranging from extensive boutique hotels to basic youth hostels. To place yourself right in the midst of the action, check into a hotel or guesthouse in the town's medieval center, which reflects a multitude of different architectural styles that have earned it a place on the World Heritage List. Note, however, that with this popularity comes a higher pricetag. To keep costs down, try staying in the residential areas south of the center, which still provide quick access by foot or public transportation to the main sights.
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