Citania de Briteiros, Guimaraes

4.4
#6 of 17 in Historic Sites in Guimaraes
The Citânia de Briteiros is an archaeological site of the Castro culture located in the civil parish of Briteiros São Salvador e Briteiros Santa Leocádia in the municipality of Guimarães; important for its size, "urban" form and developed architecture, it is one of the more excavated sites in northwestern Iberian Peninsula. Although primarily known as the remains of an Iron Age proto-urban hill fort (or oppidum), the excavations at the site have revealed evidence of sequential settlement, extending from the Bronze to Middle Ages.HistoryThe site was probably constructed between the first and second century BCE. Notes by Martins Sarmento and from recent explorations show that the Monte de São Romão was a favoured location for rock art engravings of the Atlantic Bronze Age, in the beginning of the first millennium BCE; it is not known when or why this first group left. Numerous early engraved rock surfaces were destroyed when many boulders were cut to build the ramparts and family compounds as the Castro settlement grew. Little is known of the beginnings of the Castro occupation, as no structures from the late Bronze Age have been found. Pottery from the early Iron Age has been found, when the settlement would already have been fortified. The majority of the ruins visible today have been dated from the second Iron Age, especially the last two centuries BCE.
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Citania de Briteiros Reviews
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204 reviews
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  • One of the best walled villages of the peninsula. Very interesting to observe a romanized Castro. It is the prettiest forts that I've seen, and being Galician I've already seen a few.
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  • Citânia de Briteiros is an iron age settlement, located fifteen kilometers north of Guimaraes founded by Celtiberians down five hundred a. C:. It is one of Portugal's most important archaeological sites. The ancient town, surrounded by walls, includes the foundations of about one hundred and fifty homes. Some huts were rebuilt to give an idea of what they look like. There is a network of paved roads, underground tanks, sewers and water pipes. Not to be missed if you love archaeology. The exhibits were collected in the Museum of Guimaraes.
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  • I went to this site in order to learn a little more about the Jo's history. I found the price per person expensive given that the ruins were not open houses the chapel that it was also not was open not treated well by what you can check out the door. The garbage tranbordaram garbage bins everywhere. The map they gave us was easy to understand but very intuitive use on the ground.
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Google
  • Unique place for those fans of history. Huge ancient town in which around 3,000 people lived. It was inhabited from bronze age to at least the Roman occupation of the Iberian peninsula. It is definitely worth a visit. If you are in the vicinity do not miss it!
  • very cool historic site to have a walk through. booklet gives some information only, so audioguide might be more useful
  • A surprisingly large site of an iron age town. One gets a good feeling of the streets, buildings and structure of the hilltop town. Be prepared for an uphill hike.
  • Beautiful and interesting archaeological site taking you back to the Iron Age... is very well kept and with notes in English and Portuguese... very large complex with many houses and walls and even the remains a of the communal bath... is a great experience and looks like a romantic and mythical setting... is historic and a place that the Portuguese people consider a treasure
  • Historical place. During hot days advised to avoid peak heat hours
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