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Citania de Briteiros, Guimaraes
(4.1/5 based on 160+ reviews on the web)
The Citânia de Briteiros is a Castro culture archaeological site located in the civil parish of Briteiros São Salvador e Briteiros Santa Leocádia in the municipality of Guimarães; important for its size, "urban" form and developed architecture, it is one of the more excavated sites in northwestern Iberian Peninsula. Although primarily known as the remains of an Iron Age proto-urban hill fort (or oppidum), the excavations at the site have revealed evidence of sequential settlement, extending from the Bronze to Middle Ages.HistoryThe site was probably constructed between the first and second century BCE. Notes by Martins Sarmento and from recent explorations show that the Monte de São Romão was a favoured location for rock art engravings of the Atlantic Bronze Age, in the beginning of the first millennium BCE; it is not known when or why this first group left. Numerous early engraved rock surfaces were destroyed when many boulders were cut to build the ramparts and family compounds as the Castro settlement grew. Little is known of the beginnings of the Castro occupation, as no structures from the late Bronze Age have been found. Pottery from the early Iron Age has been found, when the settlement would already have been fortified. The majority of the ruins visible today have been dated from the second Iron Age, especially the last two centuries BCE.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • A really interesting site. We must have been there for at least one and a half hours. Probably wouldn't want to visit in the height of summer because there is a lot of walking to do and not much of it...  more »
  • ~ And chilling view what's left of a civilization, we can call, because the people who lived there knew to protect themselves and live in community, and with many concepts of construction.
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  • If you like tripping over ruins and letting your mind run free, this place predates the romans and brings home how long there were well organized settlements in the Iberian peninsula. Not a lot of sig...  more »
Google
  • O lugar é lindo e milenar. Muito acessível e bem localizado possui vasta área de visitação. Só não recebe 5 estrelas por não ser muito explicativo. Recomendo a visita.
  • Well kept €3 entrance
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  • Interesting. Large area of buildings and walkways. Shame about the crappy power Canal reconstruction of the baths, made in stainless steel!
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  • This open all day just closes at noon q is in the village Museum. Care! Small one has two parking lots at the door and one on the road. They opened the car forcing the lock and stole from us the bags. The Administration could put surveillance or notices in the parking. If you can not park up I would not leave him on the road.
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  • Very nice remains of Roman construction. It remains a part of the streets between the houses...
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