Igreja e Mosteiro da Santa Cruz, Coimbra

(320+ reviews on the web)
Historic Site
The Santa Cruz Monastery, best known as Igreja de Santa Cruz, is a National Monument in Coimbra, Portugal. Because the first two kings of Portugal are buried in the church it was granted the status of National Pantheon. Founded in 1131 outside the protecting walls of Coimbra, the Santa Cruz Monastery was the most important monastic house during the early days of the Portuguese monarchy. St. Theotonius founded this community of Canons Regular of the Holy Cross of Coimbra and served as their first prior. The monastery and church were erected between 1132 and 1223. The monastery was granted numerous papal privileges and royal grants, which allowed the accumulation of considerable wealth, at the same time as it consolidated its position on the politico-institutional and cultural scene. Its school, with its vast library, was highly respected in medieval times and was a meeting point for the intellectual and power elites. Its scriptorium was used for the consolidation of royal power by King Afonso Henriques, thus it was not considered strange that he decided to be buried there.Nothing remains of the early Romanesque monastery. It is known that it had only one nave and a high tower in the façade, as typical of the Augustinian-Romanesque constructions, but none of those elements subsisted. In the first half of the 16th century, the Monastery was completely renovated by King Manuel's order, this monarch having assumed the Monastery tutelage.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Beautiful Cathedral with many very old sculpture. Very detailed. Are there services throughout the day.
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  • Santa Cruz Cathedral Basilica as it is historic. The exterior was really long at a glance you can see out. The Interior is a symbol of the whole of the Church ajulreju Portugal. Lisbon Cathedral has a small, but compared to the rustic beauty.
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  • High point of visitation in Coimbra. There is buried the Dom Afonso Henriques, the first King of Portugal. The Church is beautiful, typical tiled walls blue and white Portuguese and has an original Baroque organ. The cloister is also a good visit.
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Google
  • Really cool XXII century church. Resting place of the first king of Portugal.
  • D afonso
  • Famous because it's where the first king of Portugal is buried
  • Beautiful azuleos, must see
  • Linda!