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Monte Brasil, Angra do Heroismo

(4.6/5 based on 600+ reviews on the web)
Monte Brasil is the remnants of a tuff volcano (and peninsula) connecting the south coast of Terceira in the central Azores, overlooking the city of Angra do Heroísmo. Monte Brasil is flanked by two bays: the Bay of Angra (named for the city) to its east, and the Bay of Fanal to its west, and was used as a defensive point during the history of Angra, resulting in the construction of various forts and redoubts, including the Fortress of São João Baptista overlooking the city.HistoryThe formation of Monte Brasil was the result of various eruptions of the Guilherme Moniz volcano, a large central volcano on the island of Terceira, this difficult to identify owing to subsequent eruptions and lava flows. Although this structure is eroded, there is considerable evidence of its influence, including, specifically: a number of trachyte domes and basaltic eruptive centres around the interior; two Surtseyan cones: Monte Brasil and the Cabras Islets; and several ignimbrite deposits, including the Castelinho, that range to 23000 years of age. An undated human presence on the mount includes artificial cavities located along the hill to provide shelter, but with little vestiges of formal use. Although the those on Pico do Zimbreiro are vacant, similar spaces on the roadways to the caldera and Caminho das Belas-donas have bunks along the interior walls. Another grotto on the roadway that skirts the Fort of São Diogo indicates its use as place to collect and store water, including channels, taps and reservoir.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Worth a visit on foot or by car. With time, I advise you to walk, excellent for hiking or race. Beautiful views.
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  • Although it has some difficulty, it is an interesting hiking route to the different landscapes on the level of the sea
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  • My wife and I hiked to the top of Monte Brasil in brilliant weather in Terceira. The hike was not difficult, trails were well marked, and the views were incredible. The views from the top out into the...  more »