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Umschlagplatz, Warsaw

4.2
#17 of 42 in Historic Sites in Warsaw
Historic Site Tourist Spot
The Umschlagplatz was the square in Warsaw under German occupation, where Jews were gathered for deportation from the Warsaw Ghetto to the Treblinka extermination camp as part of Operation Reinhard during genocides in Poland. A monument was erected in 1988 on Stawki Street, where the Umschlagplatz was located, to commemorate the deportation victims.During the Grossaktion Warsaw, which began on 22 July 1942, Jews were deported in crowded freight cars to Treblinka. On some days as many as 10,000 Jews were deported. An estimated 300,000 Jews were taken to the Treblinka gas chambers; some sources describe it as the largest killing of a community in World War II. The mass deportation action ended on 21 September 1942, although trains to Treblinka continued to depart until the end of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943.The Umschlagplatz was created by fencing off a western part of the Warszawa Gdańska freight train station that was adjacent to the ghetto. The area was surrounded by a wooden fence, later replaced by a concrete wall. Railway buildings and installations on the site, as well as a former homeless shelter and a hospital were converted into a prisoner selection facility. The rest of the train station served its normal function for the rest of the city during the deportations.
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Many centrally located hotels in Warsaw cater mostly to business travelers, which makes them much too expensive for backpackers and other visitors on a limited budget. Although hostels may seem like the only affordable option at the height of the season, you can find less expensive lodgings in mid-range hotels on the outskirts of town. Alternatively, time your visit for the weekend, when many hotels near the city center slash their prices and offer special deals for early booking.
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Google
4.3
  • A touching memorial though a bit light on gravity compared to others nearby. This tells a necessary chapter in the story of the Polish Jews, but seems a little forgotten amongst the neighbourhood in w...  more »
  • Located near the Polin museum and the Mila 18 memorial this is an interesting marker of the gathering place for the Jews being loaded onto trains to the death camps. Worth a visit as a part of a walki...  more »
  • This is where the Nazis established a holding depot for hundreds of thousands of Jews, next to a railway station, for deportation to the death camps. The monument symbolising an open railway car was e...  more »
Google
  • An historic place to visit while in Warsaw.
  • really interesting and historic place
  • A must-see on your itinerary.
  • Hard to say anything that has not been said so far. A must-see and must-not-forget.
  • Transports by train through here to the death camps. Simple but stirring.