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Tarnowskie Gory

Tarnowskie Góry - is an old, picturesque town in Silesia, located in the Silesian Highlands near Katowice. On the south it borders the Upper Silesian Metropolitan Union - megalopolis, greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people. The population of the city is 60,975 . As of 1999, part of Silesian Voivodeship, previously Katowice VoivodeshipEtymologyThe name of Tarnowskie Góry is derived from "Tarnowice", name of a local village and word "Góry" which in old-Polish meant "mines". In a Prussian document from 1750 (published in Polish language in Berlin by Frederick the Great (1712–1786)), the town is mentioned, among other Silesian towns, as "Tarnowskie Góry". The German name "Tarnowitz" was introduced in the late 18th century, after third Silesian War (between Austria and Prussia). As a result of Germanization of the area, all Polish or Slavish names received their Germaninc name-equivalents (usually closely resembling the original, like Katowice and Katowitz).HistoryEarlyThe earliest settlements around Tarnowskie Góry date back to over 20 thousand years BC. Traces of the Upper Paleolithic inhabitants were found in village of Rybna, within present-day town borders. During the bronze age people lived along the banks of river Stoła :pl:Stoła(Polish) or Stola, (name derived from German Stollenwasser Adit water earlier this river was known as "Rybna" (derived from a Polish word for "fish"), their tools, jewelry and weapons were excavated here, dating from between the 8th and 5th centuries BC. Silver, lead and zinc were bountiful in these grounds and the evidence of an early metal production dates back to at least 3rd century AD.
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