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Stutthof Concentration Camp, Sztutowo
(4.8/5 based on 170 reviews on the web)
Stutthof was a Nazi German concentration camp built in a secluded, wet, and wooded area near the small town of Sztutowo 34 km (21 mi) east of the city of Gdańsk in the former territory of the Free City of Danzig. The camp was set up around already existing structures after the invasion of Poland in World War II, used for the imprisonment of Polish intelligentsia. The actual barracks were built in the following year by hundreds of prisoners enslaved in specialized commandos. Stutthof was the first camp outside German borders, in operation from September 2, 1939, and the last camp liberated by the Allies on May 9, 1945. More than 85,000 victims died in the camp out of as many as 110,000 inmates deported there.CampAs early as 1936 the Nazi authorities of the Free City of Danzig began compiling target data about known Jewish and Polish intelligentsia, and were secretly reviewing suitable places to set up concentration camps in their area. Originally, Stutthof was a civilian internment camp under the Danzig police chief, before its subsequent massive expansion. In November 1941, it became a "labor education" camp, administered by the German Security Police. Finally, in January 1942, Stutthof became a regular concentration camp.The original camp (known as the old camp) was surrounded by the barbed-wire fence. It comprised eight barracks for the inmates and a "kommandantur" for the SS guards, totaling 120,000 m². In 1943, the camp was enlarged and a new camp was constructed alongside the earlier one. It was also surrounded by electrified barbed-wire fence and contained thirty new barracks, raising the total area to 1.2 km² (0.5 sq mi). A crematorium and gas chamber were added in 1943, just in time to start mass executions when Stutthof was included in the "Final Solution" in June 1944. Mobile gas wagons were also used to complement the maximum capacity of the gas chamber (150 people per execution) when needed.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • We were staying in Gdansk, and really wanted to go to Stuthoff, I'm neither Jewish or religious, but still wanted to see what evil people had done to others because of this or even simpler things. For...  more »
  • Exploring the holiday village, full of noise and color County Fair funnel stands, while silence is useful to anyone. This living history lesson. Property, a lot of foreign tourists.
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  • There is a bus that takes you from Gdansk and comes back 3 and a half hours later, which is the perfect time to see everything. Don't spend loads of money on a private bus or a tour, it's unnecessary....  more »