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Nowa Huta, Krakow
(3.9/5 based on 110+ reviews on the web)
Nowa Huta - is the easternmost district of Kraków, Poland, (District XVIII, see map). With more than 200,000 inhabitants, it is one of the most populous areas of the city. Neighboring districts until 1990 considered expansions of the original Nowa Huta township, and linked by the same tramway system, include Czyżyny (XIV), Mistrzejowice (XV), Bieńczyce (XVI), and Wzgórza Krzesławickie (XVII, known as Grębałów until 2006). They are now separate districts of Kraków.HistoryThe historic area of present-day Nowa Huta is one of the few places in Poland settled continuously since the neolithic age. Archeological research has discovered a big Celtic settlement and Poland's oldest Slavic settlements there. In the 8th century, a mound was erected nearby by the Vistulans. According to legend, the Wanda Mound is a tomb of Wanda, daughter of Krakus, a mythical founder of Kraków (Cracow). In the 13th century a Cistercian monastery in the village of Mogiła was built.In the 19th century and in the beginning of the 20th century, during the partitions of Poland and up to the First World War, the outskirts of Nowa Huta constituted a border between territories controlled by the Austrian and Russian empires. One can find historic Austro-Hungarian forts there, and one of Europe's oldest permanent airfields (Kraków-Rakowice-Czyżyny Airport, currently housing the Polish Aviation Museum).
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  • The former industrial district of Krakow with the architecture of the Stalin era. The main square with five rays as stars in the past, Lenin square, now square of Ronald Reagan. No monuments of the Soviet era, all can only be seen in the photo.
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  • The memory of ancient times, 1970s. Neglected buildings, but a lot of greenery a few skwerków. It is interesting to see how I used to get built and lived.
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  • If you want to enjoy the architecture of Soviet in Poland this is your neighborhood. Place little tourist, we did it on our own, although I suspect that you could do with guide. Located about 10 km from the Centre of Krakow to go from the Old Town must take the tram number 4 takes to arrive 20 minutes approximately.
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