Church of St. Andrew (Kosciol Swietogo Andrzeja), Krakow
(4.6/5 based on 160+ reviews on the web)
The Church of St. Andrew in the Old Town district of Kraków, Poland (Kościół św. Andrzeja) located at Grodzka Street, is a historical Romanesque church built between 1079 and 1098 by a medieval Polish statesman Palatine Sieciech. It is a rare surviving example of the European fortress church used for defensive purposes.Built in Romanesque style, it is one of the oldest buildings in Kraków and one of the best-preserved Romanesque buildings in Poland. It was the only church in Kraków to withstand the Mongol attack of 1241. Along the lower part of the broader section of its façade are small openings that served as defensive windows at a time when the church was a place of refuge from military assaults.From 1320 it was used by the Religious Order of Poor Clares. The building has been renovated many times. The present Baroque interiors have decorations by Baltazar Fontana, paintings by Karol Dankwart and gilded altars. The Baroque domes atop the octagonal towers were added in 1639.HistoryThe church is possibly the best preserved example of early Romanesque architecture in the city of Kraków and in Poland. The massive building was constructed from stone blocks towards the end of the 11th century, and also fulfilled important defensive functions. The two octagonal looking towers, with the doubled arcade windows are perfect examples and characteristic of Romanesque architecture. They extend high over the body of the church. The apse decorated with a modest arcade freeze and numerous details (including stairs and window frames) maintain the same character.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Anybody who has visited Krakow would know there are many churches in the Old Town, Catholic churches in particular. If one walks by the Church of St, Andrew, one might easily think that it is just ano...  more »
  • This is the oldest catholic cathedral in Krakow, built in Romanesque style. Very exciting! Must-see for every architecture and art lover. 
  • It stands beside the Church St. Peter and St. Paul but not lose their beauty. It's very small-more like a chapel. The altar is very beautiful, the walls and the dome are restored. When I went to had a grid that did not reach the altar-that was the bad part.
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Google
  • Dem hl. Andreas geweiht.
  • Beautiful baroque
  • Beautiful church of the period, including outside! The Interior can be visited at certain times. Emblematic monument of the city.
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  • Nice kosciołek:)
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  • 1000 years old church is the diamond at the Royal Route in Cracow.