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Caraz

Trip Planner South America  /  Peru  /  Ancash Region  /  Caraz
(160+ reviews from 5 attractions)
Nature Sightseeing Museums
Caraz is a town in the Caraz District in the southeastern part of Huaylas Province of the Ancash Region in Peru.Political CreationRecent investigations propose that its political creation was dated on 12 February 1821, when Grl. San Martín, while staying in Huaura (village north from Lima) founded 4 Departments, including Huaylas as one of them, with its capital, the city of Caraz. Later on 1857, it was split in two, giving birth to the new young Province of Huaraz. The District of Caraz was created by the Administration of Liberation of Don Simón Bolivar, legitimized by law on December 29, 1857, and sanctioned a year later. The city of Caraz became the capital of the Province of Huaylas on July 25, 1857..EtymologyThe origin of the name Caraz is uncertain, the following are possibilities. One possibility is that it derives from the quechua word KGARA-PUNCU, meaning "leather door", as the doors in Caraz were once covered with leather. Don Celso V. Torres maintains that the name comes from the quechua word KALLASH meaning sterile and without vegetation. Another possibility is that it comes from the quechua word KJARAS, referring to the magüey plants found in the area.LocationThe town is located at an elevation of about 2250 m in the Cordillera Blanca mountain range. It keeps the traditional architecture and life style of an Andean village, as the remaining cities in the valley where destroyed after the 1970 earthquake.CommunicationsCaraz it's 460 km NE from Lima via the Panamerican Highway until km 202, then turn to the East via Route 3N through Huaraz. From Chimbote via the Canyon del Pato, the first 64 km until Chiquicara are paved, then a dirt road, and finally the last 22 km before Caraz again paved. There are daily flights from Lima Jorge Chavez International, via LC Busre, flying with Fairchild 19-seat Metroliner III, the Anta airport it's about 45 km S from Caraz.
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