Gaustatoppen, Rjukan

4.8
Gaustatoppen is the highest mountain in the county Telemark in Norway who lies in the municipality Tinn and Hjartdal. The view from the summit is impressive, as one can see an area of approximately 60,000 km², one sixth of Norway's mainland. The mountain is popular for downhill skiing in winter, and competitions have been held on its slopes. These competitions include the "Norseman triathlon", billed as "the world's most brutal iron-distance triathlon". It starts in Eidfjord and finishes at the top of Gaustatoppen. The summit is accessible on foot in the summer, on a rocky pathway of medium difficulty, although the southern side of the mountain is very dangerous and inaccessible. The wreckage of an airplane crash lies there, as it is too difficult to remove it.The nameThe first element is Gausta, the name of the whole mountain, the last element is the finite form of topp m 'top, summit'. The name Gausta is probably a shortened form for *Gaustafjell (Gausta mountain), because Gausta originally was the name of a farm beneath the mountain. (For the same development see Dovre.) The Old Norse form of the name was maybe *Gautstǫð, the name is then a compound of gaut f 'flooded place', and stǫð f 'stead, landing place for boat'. (The farm lies at Rjukan river.)RailwayThere is a funicular railway inside the mountain, built for military purposes. This ascends from the base of the mountain almost to the summit. A short railway takes the passengers from the mountain base horizontally to the lower station deep inside the mountain. It was built to access the military radio relay station built at and inside the mountain top.The installation is now a tourist attraction. It was financed mainly by american military grants, and cost one million US dollars to build from 1954 to 1959.
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  • The perspective on the impressive landscape is changed with every step of the Gausta. Best against 9: 00 go off, then it's not so crowded. The visible radio tower is not the Summit. From there, it is still 20 minutes, that require full attention.
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  • We were two adults that went up one Sunday in august. Were lucky and had bright sun from the cloudless sky, and spectacular views all the way up. We spent plenty of time up and took several breaks to eat nistepakka or simply just enjoy the view, and with the leisurely pace we spent between two and three hours to the top. Even if it was sunny, it was occasionally a lot of wind, so it was hot and cold. Good dressing is a must, with layer upon layer of clothing that can easily be taken off and on after the weather and wind conditions. Also important for good windbreaker and not to mention good shoes. I went in the half high shoes, trekking was superb on the Rocky substrate the last half of the trail up. We parked at Stavsro, went up and took down the mount Gausta line again for opplevelsens sake. From the end of the mount Gausta line we went around three kilometers back to the car at Stavsro. Otherwise, it pays to start your trip early. We started first in the 13-time, and when there were many people in the trail both on the way up and down. But anyway a great experience and a track that both children and adults can master.
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  • This peak is said to have one of the best views in Norway. Sure it does not have fjords or the sea, but this peak is so much higher than the surrounding mountains, that this gives you a very nice veiw...  more »
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  • Very nice hike. Uphill all the way, but the view is spectacular when the clouds open up. It's a bit hairy to get to the actual top, but it's a fun and cool climb between the boulders. The dog didn't like the last bit though. Too many holes and cracks to fall into.
  • The highest mountain in the south of Norway, awesome views from the top in a nice sunny day. Between 2-3 hours to go up - level medium. In the top you can find a cute cafe to get warm and eat a waffle. Also the military history really interesting with the 'elevator' inside the mountain.
  • It is an amazing experience to climb the summit of the Norwegian mountain. The views are extremely beautiful. The hiking is relatively difficult toward the top. So be prepared
  • Easy hike. The view isn't really that amazing, despite being able to see a huge part of norway. Personally I fancy other mountains with more of a peak, but this is a fine family walk.
  • Beautiful view from the top. Make sure to check the weather report first as the weather may change rapidly. Nice cafe at the top with friendly staff from the Norwegian tourist association. Windproof clothes are not optional!

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