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Russell

Russell, formerly known as Kororāreka, was the first permanent European settlement and sea port in New Zealand. It is situated in the Bay of Islands, in the far north of the North Island. As at the 2006 Census it had a resident population of 816, an increase of 12 from 2001. Much of the accommodation in the area consists of holiday homes or tourist accommodation.HistoryWhen European and American ships began visiting New Zealand in the early 1800s, the indigenous Māori quickly recognised there were great advantages in trading with these strangers, whom they called tauiwi. The Bay of Islands offered a safe anchorage and had a large Māori population. To attract ships, Māori began to supply food and timber. What Māori wanted was respect, plus firearms, alcohol, and other goods of European manufacture.Kororāreka developed as a result of this trade but soon earned a very bad reputation, a community without laws and full of prostitution, and became known as the "Hell Hole of the Pacific", despite the translation of its name being "How sweet is the penguin", (korora meaning blue penguin and reka meaning sweet). European law had no influence and Māori law was seldom enforced within the town's area. Fighting on the beach at Kororāreka in March 1830, between northern and southern hapū within the Ngāpuhi iwi, became known as the Girls’ War.On 30 January 1840 at the Christ Church, Governor Hobson read his Proclamations (which were the beginnings of the Treaty of Waitangi) in the presence of a number of settlers and the Maori chief, Moka Te Kainga-mataa. A document confirming what had happened was signed at this time by around forty witnesses; including Moka, the only Maori signatory. The following week, the Treaty proceedings would then move across to the Western side of the bay to Waitangi.
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Recently planned trips to Russell

4 days in Russell BY A USER FROM NEW ZEALAND December, popular sights PREFERENCES: December ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 10 days in North Island BY A USER FROM NEW ZEALAND January, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, museums, shopping, popular sights PREFERENCES: January, culture, relaxing, romantic, beaches, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Russell BY A USER FROM ARGENTINA January, teens, beaches, popular sights PREFERENCES: January, teens, beaches ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 4 days in Russell BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA April, outdoors, beaches, wildlife, hidden gems PREFERENCES: April, outdoors, beaches, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 55 days in North Island BY A USER FROM NEW ZEALAND November, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, wildlife, hidden gems PREFERENCES: November, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 29 days in New Zealand BY A USER FROM GERMANY January, culture, romantic, historic sites, popular sights PREFERENCES: January, culture, romantic, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 1 day in Russell BY A USER FROM IRELAND July, popular sights PREFERENCES: July ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 16 days in New Zealand BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM November, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, wildlife, hidden gems PREFERENCES: November, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 8 days in North Island BY A USER FROM MALAYSIA April, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, shopping, popular sights PREFERENCES: April, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular sights PACE: Medium 9 days in Northland Region BY A USER FROM CANADA November, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: November, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 4 days in Russell BY A USER FROM UNITED KINGDOM January, culture, outdoors, beaches, wildlife, hidden gems PREFERENCES: January, culture, outdoors, beaches, wildlife ATTRACTION STYLE: Hidden gems PACE: Medium 22 days in New Zealand BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA December, culture, relaxing, historic sites, museums, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: December, culture, relaxing, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium
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