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Mawlamyine

Trip Planner Asia  /  Myanmar  /  Mon State  /  Mawlamyine
(4/5 based on 170+ reviews for 6 attractions)
Things to do: sightseeing, historic sites
Mawlamyine, formerly Moulmein, is the fourth largest city of Burma (Myanmar), situated 300 km south east of Yangon and 70 km south of Thaton, at the mouth of Thanlwin (Salween) river. The city of 325,927 is the capital and largest city of Mon State, Myanmar and is the main trading center and seaport in south-eastern Burma.Etymology and LegendThe Mon name which was previously used for Mawlamyine, Moulmein means "damaged eye."It is said to derive from Mot-Mua-Lum, meaning "one eye destroyed". According to legend, a Mon king had a powerful third eye in the centre of his forehead, able to see what was happening in neighbouring kingdoms. The daughter of one of the neighbouring kings was given in marriage to the three-eyed king and managed to destroy the third eye. The Burmese name "Mawlamyine" is believed to be a corruption of the Mon name.HistoryMawlamyine was the first capital of British Burma between 1826 and 1852 after the Tanintharyi (Tenassarim) coast, along with Arakan, was ceded to Britain under the Treaty of Yandabo at the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War.
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