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Oxkintok, Maxcanu

(30+ reviews on the web)
Scenic Walking Area Ruin
Oxkintok is a pre-Columbian Maya archaeological site in the Puuc region of Yucatán state, in Southeastern Mexico.There is no evidence of warfare, or famine to cause the abandonment of Oxkintok. Nor is there evidence for occupation after it had been abandoned around 1500 CE. This date of abandonment has been interpreted by the disappearance of pottery production at the site.Research at this site is ongoing along with the interpretation of previously collected data. As with all investigations, ideas and interpretations do not always coalesce. Reported here is primarily work by Miguel Rivera Dorado in the late 90's.Geography and climateThe site of Oxkintok is located on the northwestern tip of the Yucatán Peninsula, and is situated uncharacteristically (for the region) near two other sites. Oxkintok lies 6 kilometers southeast from Maxcanu, 46 kilometers to the northeast of Uxmal, and 50 kilometers south of the current state capital city of Merida. The Puuc region, Puuc being the Mayan word for hill. The Puuc hills extend from the southern Yucatan up to Campeche in the north and Quintana Roo in the west. These are the limits of the karstic hills in the otherwise flat landscape of the Yucatan.The Yucatan is an extensive, limestone rich plains region that is dominated by karst topography and geology. Being karst landscape is significant, as no surface water is present. This means no major river systems and hardly any lakes are present in the northern Yucatan as the limestone lithology drains subterraneously. Any surface water that is retained is unsuitable for consumption and occurs in very small amounts. The underground drainage results in the northern Yucatan being covered in caves and sinkholes called Cenotes, which are subsequently used by the inhabitants to access drinkable ground water. Any relief in the Puuc region is due to unequal dissolution rates within the limestone bedrock, and never reaches 400 meters above sea level.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • this was a complete surprise. i was in merida and wanted a maya experience. and this sight filled all of my fantasies. close and deserted and a sample of early puuc maya architecture. very fun and mag...  more »
  • We arrived at 4.40pm just before it was about to close. We were the only visitors that day and despite the horrendous road to get there (off the motorway on a rough road from under the bridge 2-3km or...  more »
  • This site can be accessed from the highway (180 - between Cancun & Merida). The site of Oxkintok is 6 kilometers southeast from Maxcanu, 46 kilometers to the northeast of Uxmal, and 50 kilometers sout...  more »