Jelgava Palace, Jelgava

#5 of 12 in Historic Sites in Zemgale Region
Jelgava Palace or Mitava Palace is the largest Baroque-style palace in the Baltic states. It was built in the 18th century based on the design of Bartolomeo Rastrelli as a residence for the Dukes of Courland in their capital - Mitava, Latvia. The Dukes of Courland also had a summer palace by Rastrelli nearby called Rundāle Palace.HistoryConstruction of the palace started in 1738 on an island between the Lielupe river and its branches. The site had borne the residence of the former Courland dukes of the Kettler dynasty and, before that, a medieval castle belonging to the Livonian Order.Following Ernst Johann von Biron's fall from grace in 1740, all construction work was stopped, even though the roof of the palace had not yet been completed. Most of the building materials and interior elements were moved to St. Petersburg where Rastrelli used them in building of other palaces. Work resumed after Biron's return from exile in 1762. However due to financial difficulties duke moved into palace only in 1772 although interior decorations still was in progress in many rooms. Besides Rastrelli (who, with the death of his patroness, the Empress Elizabeth, lost business in Saint Petersburg), Danish architect Severin Jensen participated in the project, giving the palace a touch of classicism.
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60 reviews
  • August 13, 2017
    Duke Ernst von Biron (Duke of Courland) allowed the architect Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli draw this huge Castle at Lielupefloden in Jelgava. During the early 2000 's, it was a school for Agriculture and from around 2015, it was converted into the Hotel Jelgava!
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  • July 7, 2017
    You can admire from the outside. Inside tickets do absolutely nothing. The tomb of the Dukes of Courland to visit the Palace has nothing in it, with the entrance side of the bridge, almost on the corner of the building.
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  • July 2, 2017
    We had visited this palace with the expectation of seeing something of the past glory of Latvia. It was us going a massive renovation programme and much of the outside was shrouded in scaffolding and ...  more »

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