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Shimabara

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Shimabara is a city located on the north-eastern tip of the Shimabara Peninsula, facing Ariake Bay in the east and Mount Unzen (including Fugendake) in the west, in Nagasaki Prefecture, Kyushu, Japan.As of January 1, 2009, the city has an estimated population of 48,461 and a population density of 585 persons per km². The total area is 82.77 km².HistoryShimabara is a castle town, and was the capital of Shimabara Domain during the Edo period. It was the site of considerable foreign trade and missionary activity during the late Muromachi period, and in the early Edo period, a large percentage of the population were Kirishitan. Due to misgovernment, high taxes and persecution of Christianity, the population rose in the Shimabara Rebellion of 1637, which was suppressed with extreme severity by the Tokugawa Bakufu. Shimabara was ruled by a branch of the Matsudaira clan from 1668-1774 and from 1774-1871.Modern Shimabara City was founded on April 1, 1940 by the merger of former town of Shimabara with several surrounding villages.
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