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Oita Prefecture

Trip Planner Asia  /  Japan  /  Kyushu-Okinawa  /  Oita Prefecture
Ōita Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan on Kyūshū Island. The prefectural capital is the city of Ōita.HistoryAround the 6th century Kyushu consisted of four regions: Tsukushi Province, Hi Province, Kumaso Province and Toyo Province.Toyo Province was later divided into two regions, upper and lower Toyo Province, called Bungo Province and Buzen Province.After the Meiji Restoration, districts from Bungo and Buzen provinces were combined to form Ōita Prefecture. These provinces were divided among many local daimyo and thus a large castle town never formed in Ōita. From this time that whole area became known as "Toyo-no-kuni", which means "Land of Abundance".The origins of the name Ōita are documented in a report from the early 8th century called the Chronicles of Bungo. According to the document, when Empress Keikō visited the Kyushu region, stopping first in Toyo-no-kuni, she exclaimed that 'This is a vast land, indeed. It shall be known as Okita-Kuni!' Okita-Kuni, meaning "Land of the Great Fields", later came to be written as "Ōita". Present day interpretations based on Ōita's topography state that Oita's name comes from "Okita", meaning "many fields", rather than "vast" or "great" field, because of Ōita's complex terrain.
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