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Hōfu Tenman-gū Shrine, Hofu
(4.3/5 based on 85+ reviews on the web)
防府天満宮(ほうふてんまんぐう)は、山口県防府市にある神社。菅原道真を学問の神として祀った天満宮である。旧社格は県社で、現在は神社本庁の別表神社。概要道真が亡くなった翌年である延喜2年(904年)に創建され、「日本最初に創建された天神様」を名乗る。かつては「松崎天満宮」・「宮市天満宮」あるいは単に「天満宮」と称していたが1873年に近代社格制度のもとで県社に列格し、松崎神社と改称。戦後の1953年には防府天満宮と再び改称した。道真が宮中での権力争いで失脚し、九州の大宰府に流されていく道筋での宿泊地の一つが防府とされており、京都の北野天満宮、福岡の太宰府天満宮と並んで、日本三大天神と言われている。防府市は、この天満宮を中心に栄えてきた都市であり、年間を通して天満宮の行事での来訪者が多い。また市外からの来訪者も多く、正月の3が日には約30万人の人出を記録している。有名な祭りとしては2月の牛替神事(うしかえしんじ)と11月の御神幸祭(ごじんこうさい)が挙げられる。御神幸祭は別名裸坊祭(はだかぼうまつり)ともいい、約1トンある御網代(おあじろ)を引っ張って、行きは表参道の大階段を下り、帰りは表参道の階段を上っていくという危険なことをするために、毎年怪我人が絶えない。また牛替神事は、天神様の乗られる牛車を引く牛を取り替えるということでの儀式である。その他、8月3日から5日までは、道真の生誕を祝う御誕辰祭が行われる。夜には1000本あまりの蝋燭に火を灯した万灯祭献灯で表参道が飾られるほか、最終日には防府天満宮夏祭り大花火大会も行われる。道真は学問の神とされているため、ここで筆を買ったり、受験のお守りを買う若者の参拝も多い。春には太宰府天満宮などと同様、梅の花が開き境内を飾る。境内の西側には、春風楼と名付けられた楼閣式の参籠所がある。当初は、長州藩第10代藩主の毛利斉熙が、文政5年(1822年)から五重塔の建立に着手したが、天保2年(1831年)に不慮の支障によって工事は中断、幕末の動乱などが妨げとなって五重塔は完成しなかったものの、当時着工されていた組物(寺院建築の軒荷重を支える部材で、斗と肘木からなる)を床下に組み入れる形で、明治6年(1873年)に作られた。春風楼からは防府市街地が一望できるほか、御誕辰祭などの行事でも利用されている。
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Hofu station walk 15-is the first shrine in Japan in about 20 minutes. Perhaps Bou nude of the day before was just preparing for the opening of Causeway Street was big, for instead is running at speed of car is fine, so is the attention.
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  • Japan three great is the God of tenmangu shrine and enshrined Sugawara michizane. Climbing approach and welcomed by a great divine ox. Honden had improperly, and nokyo-sho was with his left hand. Nude Bou was well advanced in preparation of the Festival
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  • Stairs are too steep I have visited several times, once from (^ ^; scary could make tea while watching a beautiful garden in a tea room in the Middle!
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Google
  • This is the third oldest tenman-gu in Japan very big and beautiful. There is also a good hike to the top of the mountain in the back.
  • Tenjin shrines and beautiful. Hofu station walk way santouka (birthplace of haiku poet santoka is seems to be), can go in about 20 minutes. Capped a nokyo-Sho, but truly God's, if you want to like handwriting, I was very happy. And some souvenir shop in Omotesando, among them filling the town's station from the facilities that is good.
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  • Beautiful garden. Dazaifu of appearance isn't always crowded. Groan if the car should be used if available parking for light.
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  • Japan is one among the three largest tenmangu. hōfu city overlooking the failure to know Feng Shui, the best place in town is here! Big lots ", where is known as multiple flowering types.
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  • For a famous Japanese Shrine, but Ito Hirobumi, there is evidence of people like the wrong to distort the very scene where you can encounter.
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