Monastero Di Fonte Avellana, Serra Sant'Abbondio
(4.5/5 based on 150+ reviews on the web)
Fonte Avellana or the Venerable Hermitage of the Holy Cross, is a Roman Catholic hermitage in Serra Sant'Abbondio in the Marche region of Italy. It was once also the name of an order of hermits based at this hermitage.HistoryFonte Avellana was established by a group of hermits living at that site around 980. The tradition of the monastery holds that it was founded by Ludolfi Pamfili, a former soldier, later hermit. It was closely connected to the reforms of St. Romuald, and its early customs and documents share much in common with the nearby hermitage of Camaldoli which Romuald founded. In 1035 Peter Damian entered the community, where he became a Benedictine monk and became prior in 1143. He enlarged the library, constructed a nearby cloister, and established a monastic house near San Severino. Albertino of Montone later also became prior there.It was raised to the status of an abbey in 1325, and remains the only Camaldolese house to have such a designation (all other such houses being designated simply as hermitages or monasteries). It soon came under lay control, however, and the fortunes of the community quickly deteriorated. The community, in fact, eventually became part of the Camaldolese congregation. Nevertheless, it continued in existence, until it was scattered by Napoleonic forces. Yet after the upheavals of that period, the monastic community was again established and continues today as a major house of the congregation.
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TripAdvisor
  • At the foot of Mount Catria, this typical Abbey of camaldolese monks allows you to immerse yourself in an atmosphere of serenity and inner peace, helped also by the Majesty of the mountains. Very interesting the brief explanatory visit; absolutely decent lunch served in the restaurant adjacent to the external structure and outsourced.
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  • "Between two shores of Italy surgon sassi, and not far from your homeland, so that ' thrones, and they do a much lower sound forth gibbo called Catria, below which is devoted a Hermitage, that wont be willing to own latria." (Dante, Paradiso, Canto XXI) We are in heaven and Dante accompanied by Beatrice Saturn ascends to heaven, where he meets the contemplative spirits. Here on a high scale symbolizing the celeste contemplation descends and ascends a multitude of souls shining, one Saint Peter Damian, questioned by the Poet meets around the dogma of predestination. After demonstrating their identity, the Saint takes the occasion of poverty of the Apostles to inveigh against the pomposity and the luxury of the prelates of the time. The Hermitage of Santa Croce di Fonte Avellana is one of the most famous monasteries in Italy and still in many ways the most important monastic Centre in the region. Its origin is uncertain, like that of many other institutions more than thousand year. In all probability was founded in 977 by blessed Lodolfo, a noble eugubino (Gubbio is a stone's throw away) who built the first miserable cells at the foot of Mount Catria.La church dedicated to Sant'Andrea was built right next to a clear source which sprang in the shade of trees of kernels: ' avellanarum scaturiebat prope fontem quae ad radices. " The Hermitage was established under the leadership of Saint Peter Damian was prior from 1043 to 1072.La his strong personality impressed the small Hermitage a deep and lasting footprint for the significant influence exerted by San Romualdo who lived long in the immediate vicinity, on the slopes of Mount Sitria Nocria, in the narrow valley di Sitria, founded a Hermitage and a monastery. Saint Peter Damian extended so the small primitive Foundation which, under his Priory became the Centre of a glorious Congregation which he ruled as prior General and reformed with written rules and laws, with the sole concern of ensuring his confreres the loneliness of the place, the autonomy and freedom of the Hermitage and of improving their economic conditions. After his death on 22 February 1072, the enlargement process of Fonte Avellana, not stopped, straining to grow further to continue purchases and donations of lands; the only wealth for the people of those times. The monastery became a central organizer of all aspects of social and economic life of the surrounding communities and in two centuries just reached in the early 11th century unprecedented economic, social and political power in Central Italy. This power will accompany the reputation acquired by the austerity and holiness of its monks. Today one can still admire the cloister built in stone by St. Peter Damian, as well as the suggestive crypt, the beautiful Bell Tower, sacristy, the refectory and finely carved choir and patiently. The most singular though is the Scriptorium wished also to Saint Peter Damian: a stark and austere, but light used as a library workshop where monks scribes ricopiavano miniavano the ancient classical texts and codes which still inspire awe and wonder. It is located in the Roman building, supported by a large bow, sticking out in the oldest part of the monastery. The light enters from two rows of Windows, especially those on the upper floor. At the center of the large room is placed a large sixteenth-century table admirably carved. Currently the monastery there are two libraries, one dedicated to Dante Alighieri, downstairs upstairs that monastic, which together hold more than 30000 volumes, including several incunabula, editions of the sixteenth century, codes ranging from year 1000 to 1300, manuscript volumes and numerous scrolls. However, very little in the face of what must have been the original library for which the codes, make up the famous Avellana Collection can now be found in the Vatican Library. What most surprises visitors is, outside; the complex vastness of the building and, in the Interior, the number of cells, the width of the corridors and the grandeur of the rooms. Recommend it to anyone who wants to "pull the plug" even if only for a few hours, to come up here to find peace and wilderness, following in the footsteps of Peter Damian and the great poet that this enchanting them cited even in the paradise of his comedy.
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  • An oasis of love where pray and why not feed easily. the monastery is gorgeous. Nature is a hymn to the Lord.
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Google
  • I love this place! I recommend it! Little tip: go with clear mind and listening to the heart!
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  • Fantastic place. Hermitage beautiful. You can't see it.
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  • Beautiful monastery, surrounded by a wonderful landscape. To visit.
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  • Peace.
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