Tempio di Venere Genitrice, Rome

2.4
#499 of 527 in Historic Sites in Rome
The Temple of Venus Genetrix is a ruined temple in the Forum of Caesar, Rome, dedicated to the Roman goddess Venus Genetrix, the goddess of motherhood and domesticity. It was dedicated to the goddess in 46 BCE by Julius Caesar.HistoryThe Forum and Temple were originally planned as early as 54 BC, and construction began shortly thereafter.On the eve of the Battle of Pharsalus, Caesar vowed the temple to Venus Victrix. He eventually decided to dedicate the temple to Venus Genetrix, the mother of Aeneas, and the mythical ancestress of the Julian family. The Temple was dedicated on 26 September 46 BC, the last day of Caesar's triumph. The Forum and Temple were eventually completed by Octavian.The area was damaged by the fire in 80 AD. Later the temple was rebuilt by Domitian and was restored and rededicated by Trajan on 12 May 113 AD. It was then burned again in 283 AD, and again restored this time by Diocletian. The three columns now visible belong to this later reconstruction.Structure and LocationThe temple was built of brick faced with marble and had eight columns on the facade, and also eight columns on each side. The columns were spaced one and a half diameters apart . The ceiling of the temple was vaulted. There were some nontraditional elements in the design of the temple such as the height of the podium it sat upon and the method of accessing it."Access to the cella was afforded by circulation through the flanking arches, up narrow stairs on either side, to a landing in front of the temple, from which several more steps extending the width of the facade conducted to the cella level."It was placed at the far end of the court enclosed by the Forum, a practice that was borrowed by the Romans from the Etruscans and which later became a standard architectural feature throughout the Roman Empire. The Temple sat embedded in the remaining slope that had been cleared away from the Capitoline Hill.
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Tempio di Venere Genitrice Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 3.5
4 reviews
Google
4.8
TripAdvisor
  • Without a doubt the area of the holes is definitely beautiful and full of history and things to see. Here we are near this colonnade rest of a Temple dedicated to Venus. Nice, but compared to other wonders in less visible area.
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  • Tempio di Venere Genitrice, there are only three columns left, but even so, one will imagine the impressive building of this old town of Rome.
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  • The remains of this temple rest within the confines of Foro di Cesare and can be seen from Via dei Fori Imperiali. All that remains of this once grand temple are 3 columns and 2 capstones.  more »
Google
  • Fantastic. Is a destroyed temple in the Caesar Forum dedicated to the Roman goddess Venus Genetrix
  • Temple of venus... Amazing to gaze on 2000 year old columns. Definitely fosters the imagination.
  • Caesar built it. He believed. Venus goddess is his ancester.
  • Temple of Venues is historical place to visit
  • very historic
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