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Ss. Quattro Coronati, Rome

4.7
#77 of 527 in Historic Sites in Rome
Santi Quattro Coronati is an ancient basilica in Rome, Italy. The church dates back to the 4th (or 5th) century, and is devoted to four anonymous saints and martyrs. The complex of the basilica with its two courtyards, the fortified Cardinal Palace with the Saint Silvester Chapel, and the monastery with its cosmatesque cloister is built in a silent and green part of Rome, between the Colosseum and San Giovanni in Laterano, in an out-of-time setting.The ''Santi Quattro Coronati''"Santi Quattro Coronati" means the Four Holy Crowned Ones, and refers to the fact that the saints' names are not known, and therefore referred to with their number, and that they were martyrs, since the crown, together to the branches of palm, is an ancient symbol of martyrdom. According to the Passion of St. Sebastian, the four saints were soldiers who refused to sacrifice to Aesculapius, and therefore were killed by order of Emperor Diocletian (284-305). The bodies of the martyrs were buried in the cemetery of Santi Marcellino e Pietro, on the fourth mile of via Labicana, by Pope Miltiades and St Sebastian (whose skull is preserved in the church). Miltiades decided that the martyrs should be venerated with the names of Claudius, Nicostratus, Simpronianus and Castorius; these names — together to a fifth, Simplicius — were those of five Pannonian martyr stonemasons. These martyrs were later identified with the four martyrs from Albano, Secundus (or Severus), Severianus, Carpoforus (Carpophorus) and Victorinus (Vittorinus). The bodies of the martyrs are kept in four ancient sarcophagi in the crypt. According to a lapid dated 1123, the head of one of the four martyrs is buried in Santa Maria in Cosmedin.
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Ss. Quattro Coronati Reviews
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4.7
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  • We turned up by chance and were able to get onto a tour of the Aula Gotica. These are not run regularly and booking is usual (online). This was one of the best visits we did (and we spent days going r...  more »
  • From the outside it looks like a medieval fortress, in a very particular corner of Rome, it does not seem to be in the center of the Capital of Italy. Already entering the current church you feel wrapped up in a very special atmosphere. The 12th-century frescoes on the walls are breathtaking. It is also worth paying the 2nd to access the cloister to have confirmation of the feelings experienced in the visit of the church. Before leaving you are absolutely not to miss the visit to the Oratory of New Year's Eve, you have to play at the door of the convent, waiting to look at what remains of the 12th century liturgical calendar on the walls, pay 1st and enter what is another little-known treasure, but full of charm. Twelve-year-old frescoes that tell the story of Saint Sylvester, beautiful.
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  • The Basilica, the cloister and the oratory can be visited together, although the entrance times are not coincidental. The Basilica of the SS. Four Crowned is already open from the morning (06.45); if you are lucky enough to attend the prayers of the Augustinian Nuns, the light inside also improves and so you can see the frescoes of the apse; large abjetus to accommodate all three aisles. The cloister can be visited from 09.45; the access door behind an offer of 2Euro is opened; classic cloister of the time with around marble finds of antecedent eras. To visit the oratory full of interesting frescoes you had to wait until 10.30 (for the day of our visit); the reason is that the whole thing is under the auspices of the Agostinian Nuns who, according to their commitments, change the schedule of visits compared to what is established on the website. Concluding: the visits are so interesting in a place of yesteryear, that, arming itself with patience (monacale) it is all worth spending half a morning in quiet environments, out of the traffic of Rome and the classic tourist circuits. It was possible to park, descending because of the SS. Quattro, on the forecourt in front of the entrance portal to the Basilica complex.
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  • The Ss. Quattro Coronati/ the Four Crouwned/ is a very old church and monastery. For certain period of time it was the Pope residence. Visited it in the morning and nuns were singing, they really had fantastic voices. Attached is a photo with the full history of Ss. Quattro Coronati. Worth to visit it.
  • Santi Quattro Coronati is an ancient church in Rome. It dates back to the 4th century, and is dedicated to four anonymous saints and martyrs. You should visit the cloister that is really beautiful and romantic...
  • A hidden gem of Rome. Quiet place with a lot of history.
  • The frescos in the oratory about Constantine’s life are a must!
  • This 4th century is only 10 min away from the Colosseum.
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