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Sepolcro degli Scipioni, Rome

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Sepolcro degli Scipioni is located in Rome. Choose to start, finish, or center your holiday on a trip to Sepolcro degli Scipioni by using our Rome vacation route planner.
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  • The tomb of the scipios originated at the beginning of the 3rd century BC, probably thanks to the initiative of Cornelius Scipio Barbatus, whose sarcophagus (in copy since the original is in the Vatican Museums) is located in a privileged position within the sepulchre, aligned with the main entrance. Family history can be reconstructed from the many inscriptions found here, but you don't expect to find the tomb of the most famous of Scipio Africanus, in here. Everyone knows that he was buried in his villa at Literno, as ancient authors. Absolutely worth visiting.
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  • The tomb is a large building that in the past has been stripped of marbles to make lime as evidenced by the large "lime kiln" on site. Rebuild the structure of the tomb is difficult, but you have the feeling of going back more than 2,000 years to "meet" Scipio Barbatus (4th century BC), and down, down to the Scipios! th century BC.
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  • and not just because in history of ancient Rome but also because there were buried many members of one of the most famous families of Rome Republican medium: one of the branches of the gens Cornelia, gli Scipioni, which gave Rome a good number of leaders and generals. The main entrance of the funeral building, a monumental complex largely defunct, overlooked a road perpendicular to the Via Appia at the base of a small hill very close to the newly appointed Consular road that at the time represented a symbol of the policy of expansion in fact prosecuted by Rome. Therefore the apparent entrance "monumental" in via Appia (now called Via di Porta San Sebastiano) is not the original but a later reconstruction towards 150 BC. The monument was placed on a high basement and was leaning against a bench Tuff in which were drawn six galleries. The sarcophagi, typically elegantly decorated, were drawn from a block of tufa or slabs and were placed along the walls or niches galleries. The plan of the building is square and 4 gigantic pillars divide the monument in six rooms which have been mentioned above. The inscriptions (very interesting texts thereof) found on the front of the graves has made it possible to identify some deceased is the laying date of first: Lucius Cornelius Scipio Barbatus (early 3rd century BC), copy of the sarcophagus placed down the central gallery. Then there are those of: Lucius Cornelius Scipio, son of Scipio Africanus, Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus, Cornelius Scipio Asiageno Comato, Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus, Lucius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus, son of Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Hispanic. Was not absent Scipio Africanus who was buried in his villa at Literno. The sarcophagi in total were about 30 that correspond roughly to the number of Scipiones who lived between the beginning of III and the middle of the 2nd century BC. In the Imperial period found there place also some graves cremation of some components of the gens Cornelia Lentulo spirals, while a Roman House was built at the Tomb during the 3rd century a.d. as a demonstration that the original Tomb track was lost, so much so that destroyed part of it. The latter building was renovated into a residential building many centuries later. A place to visit if you are missing still unaccounted for.
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