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Sepolcro Degli Equinozi, Rome

4.0
#2297 of 2,926 in Things to do in Rome
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Sepolcro Degli Equinozi Reviews
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5 reviews
TripAdvisor
  • I recently visited the equinome tomb on ancient Appia in Rome and was enchanted by this place that is literally magical. It is fascinating to see the Sun penetrating through a hole with a luminous trail on the ground of the tomb. The owners are then delicious. Kind, excited to see the people who come to visit the tomb and very hospitable.
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  • Sunday, September 16 is a day of celebration: I have an appointment with my coworkers on via Appia, the "Regina Viarum" for an interesting event and to meet us all together. Between the third and fourth mile lies the "Mausoleum or tomb of the equinoxes", mysterious monument in which during the equinoxes you can observe light phenomena and we were there for this, although the autumn equinox is on 23 September. This underground tomb, called "unknown Tomb" by Giovanni Battista Piranesi in mid 1700, was commissioned twenty-two centuries ago probably a noble of which nothing is known. In the early 20th century the owners Julia and Ernesto Pal restoring the mausoleum outside is circular while inside is a square with rectangular niches on three sides. We look forward to the event, which is the Sun coming through the window "in boxes". A Brazier lit highlights the phenomenon that at 15 reaches its maximum extension. Let me explain: in the floor is a slab of which you will find details later, which is wholly invested by the beam of light. Point out that the Sun is becoming, but only in the two Equinoxes-spring and autumn-the plate is all lit up. The guided tour has allowed insights into mortuary rites in Roman times. Then the refreshments with traditional sweets. There are two owners with their publications. I would like to report a twofold flaw: quote opera Antonio Cederna-to which we are indebted for the safeguard of the "Regina Viarum"-the books are written by owners, though some publication of great Antonio Cederna not go amiss. Very bad! Back home I read, as usual, some documents. In particular studies of archaeologist Marina De Franceschini which States: "In all Mediterranean cultures since prehistoric times astronomically oriented buildings have been built towards the solstices or equinoxes, so you can measure and control simple and effective the passage of time and the changing of the seasons ". It sounds simple, but it's a notation not at all obvious. And again: "Mausoleum of the equinoxes. Modern slab with the partition space (templum) and celeste under Etruscan haruspex. The North-South axis was the axis mundi, with Pars and Pars pòstica old around noon northward. Was divided also into Pars hostilis (unfavorable) and Pars familiaris (favorably) with its celestial deities, earthlings "good reading. .
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  • The date of construction dates back to the 2nd century b.c. and was built with travertine stone in the underground and albana at the top while the outer shell is made of blocks of Tuff. Inside it has a height of 7 meters from the floor level to the barrel vault and a 5.30 metres wide. Square inside, circular outside diameter of 13.50 meters approximately. We just said that the outside shape is circular, although it was originally covered by a mound that though now is almost completely disappeared after a series of landfills have intervened over the centuries. Inside is accessed via a staircase (modern) leading to the m. 5.30 square environment about which it was said, presenting rectangular niches on three sides, in which there are as many Windows "Wolf's mouth". The complex is oriented toward the Equinox, and then in the corresponding day in the Sun, coming from the mouth of Wolf located in front of the entrance, illuminates the exact Center of the floor of the mausoleum at a specific time (= 14.30) and only on this day. Are not met the original owners of the mausoleum, nor its history and its functions. Fortunately the historical sources were allowed to give meaning to the mausoleum. So much so that the current owners of the building have done ask a marble slab in the middle of the floor which gives a representation of space Celestial Divination soil and Etruscan art (called auspice). The light phenomena of the mausoleum indicated the precise moment of the Equinox, during which they performed rituals connected with the cult of the dead and the seasons. And here the mystery deepens because the world was divided in ancient South and North pars, pars par postica hostilis unfavorable and favorable with the celestial gods pars familiaris and hellish, hostile or friendly. The North-South axis was the axis mundi with the pars ancient around noon and the pars postica northward. Continuing was divided also into pars hostilis (unfavorable) and pars familiaris (favorably) with its celestial, terrestrial and infernal deities. Definitely enough and further to talk about rites and mysteries or immaginarseli, and then to make me want to visit the mausoleum between the third and fourth mile of Via Appia Antica.
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