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San Nicola in Carcere, Rome

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San Nicola in Carcere is a titular church in Rome near the Forum Boarium in rione Sant'Angelo. It is one of the traditional stational churches of Lent.HistoryThe first church on the site was probably built in the 6th century, and a 10th-century inscription may be seen on a fluted column next to the entrance, but the first definite dedication is from a plaque on the church dating to 1128. The inscriptions found in S. Angelo, a valuable source illustrating the history of the Basilica, have been collected and published by Vincenzo Forcella.It was constructed in and from the ruins of the Forum Holitorium and its temples, along with a jail (carcer) which a tradition (supported by Pliny's history of Rome) states was sited in the temples' ruins. However, the in Carcere (in jail) part of the name of the church was only changed to "in Carcere Tulliano" in the 14th century, owing to an erroneous identification. The prison was really that of Byzantine times (LPD i.515, n13; ii.295, n12).Spolia from all these ancient remains is still apparent in the church's construction, most particularly three columns from the Temple of Juno Sospita which are incorporated into both the 10th century and 1599 north façades of the church.The dedication to St Nicholas was made by the Greek population in the area. In the 11th century, it was known as the church of Petrus Leonis, referring to the converted Jewish family, the Pierleoni, who rebuilt the nearby Theatre of Marcellus as a fortress. One of their members, Pietro Pierleone, was an important cardinal in the 1120s and was elected Pope Anacletus II, though he was later branded a schismatic antipope.
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TripAdvisor
  • Roman Altria, Republic age 3 Temple of the Church is the Church of Saint Nicholas Inn carcelle. Has become the Church is the Temple of Juno sospita (Temple of Savior), remains the best building in 3 temples. And was buried on the South side of the Church wall Speth (hope God) Temple, the Temple of Janus was on the north side of the Church are considered parallel and 3 temples, was built. That is the Temple of Juno sospita in the Middle Church and the Colonnade of the Temple of both left and right are ripping on the walls of the Church. Otherwise old building of 0/2 Temple, a stately Church. So, carcelen said in the prison in the middle ages prison was used as it is have this name.
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  • Dedicated to Saint Nicholas, Bishop of Myra, because at the time he lived in this area a large Greek community. Arose on the ruins of the temples of Janus, Juno and goddess Hope whose traces are visible in the basement of the Basilica.Il name comes from the mistaken belief that the shops below, with the floor in opus spicatum, they jail cells.
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  • Near the mouth of truth and the theatre of Marcellus, the Church on the outside comes in great way the Roman temple from which it was derived and inside, in addition to the missed vaults, offers a view of a coffered ceiling of extraordinary beauty, in addition to paintings and decorations great.
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Google
  • Worth a stop if you're passing by but don't go out of your way
  • Church built on top of three old temples - some of their old columns are integrated in the walls. You can enter the underground site of the old temples.
  • Beautiful!
  • Turn on real wax candles for your loved ones. The opportunity to come down below the Church. Ramshackle and old from the outside. Concerts are announced.
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  • The medieval church of the 12th-14th centuries. Where the church now stands, was three temples dedicated to Iunona, Janusu and the goddess hopes the EUSR. Remnants of these temples are visible both outside and inside the Church.
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