SAN GIOVANNI BATTISTA DEI FIORENTINI Basilica parrocchiale, Rome

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San Giovanni dei Fiorentini is a minor basilica and a titular church in the Ponte rione of Rome, Italy. Dedicated to St. John the Baptist, the protector of Florence, the new church for the Florentine community in Rome was started in the 16th century and completed in early 18th and is the national church of Florence in Rome.The main façade fronts onto the Via Giulia. This straight street was an urban initiative, carried out in 1508 by the architect Donato Bramante at the instigation of Pope Julius II, which cut through the irregular urban fabric to the Ponte Sant'Angelo, the bridge which crosses over the Tiber River to the Castel Sant'Angelo and St. Peter's Basilica.HistoryJulius II's successor, the Florentine Pope Leo X de' Medici (1513-1521) initiated the architectural competition for a new church in 1518 on the site of the old church of San Pantaleo. Designs were put forward by a number of architects, among them Baldassare Peruzzi, Jacopo Sansovino, Antonio da Sangallo the Younger and the painter and architect Raphael. The dominant initial ideas were for a centralised church arrangement.
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  • It was built in 1508 for the Florentine community that lived in the area, along with its own Court, its own prison. Borromini's desire was to "rest" in the tomb of her beloved Carlo Maderna here.
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  • It lies at the extreme of via Giulia to ponte Sant'Angelo. It was built for the Florentine community thanks to two great popes, Leo X and Clement VII: the community arrived at the height of power to have its own Court, its own laws, a sonsole and its own prison. they built their church that they named the patron saint of Florence. Draft designs were presented by Michelangelo, Raphael, Peruzzi, by Sansovino who was chosen to begin construction in 1500 and complete it in 100 years and was continued by Antonio da Sangallo the younger, by Giacomo della Porta and Carlo Maderno to whom we owe the cupola in 1614 so stretched upwards, which the Romans called dragee sucked. Travertine façade added in 1734. the Church was decorated by artists from Tuscany. the great altar is by Borromini, buried in the Church along with Carlo Maderno and the Marquis del Grillo.
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  • Pope Leo X elaborated contest aiming at the selection of project for the construction of this church, to be built on the site of the old church of Saint Pantaleon. Renowned architects participated in the contest, including Jacopo Sansovino, Antonio da Sangallo the younger and Rafael. Sansovino won the competition. However, after going through difficulties, Sangallo the young man was in charge of the works. The work was interrupted in 1527, due to the sack of Rome. Most of the works was held between 1583 and 1602, under the command of Giacomo della Porta. The main façade, of Alessandro Galilei, would only be completed in 1734. In this church is buried the great architect Francesco Borromini. There is a museum on the upper floor, which is worth to be visited, in which there are real treasures, like the bust "Antonio Cepparelli" (Bernini, 1622), the bust "Antonio Coppola" (Bernini, 1612), relief "Madonna con Bambino and Sant'Anna" (Pierino da Vinci-Leonardo's nephew-16th century) the statue San Giovannino Battista "(attributed to Michelangelo), among others.
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  • Beautiful church!

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For easy foot access to most of the city's main historical sites, consider staying in Rome's old town center. The area is conveniently placed for public transport, only a walk away from the city's main railway station. Accommodations here span all hotels sectors, from cheap hostels to luxury brand names. To avoid the steep prices and overcrowding of the town center, explore the hotels in the inner suburbs of Rome. They offer comfortable rooms and excellent food at a fraction of the price charged by the centrally located hotel chains. Another affordable option is the area around Vatican, which boasts a good selection of family-owned B&Bs.
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