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Porta San Sebastiano, Rome

4.6
#162 of 252 in Historic Sites in Rome
The Porta San Sebastiano is the largest and one of the best-preserved gates passing through the Aurelian Walls in Rome (Italy).Originally known as the Porta Appia, the gate sat astride the Appian Way, the regina viarum, which originated at the Porta Capena in the Servian Wall. During the Middle Ages probably it was also called Accia (or Dazza or Datia), a name whose etymology is quite uncertain, but arguably associated with the river Almone, called "acqua Accia", that flowed nearby. A document ca. AD 1434 calls it Porta Domine quo vadis. The present name is attested only since the second half of 15th century, due to the vicinity to the Basilica of San Sebastiano and its catacombs.The original structure was constructed by Aurelian ca. AD 275 and included a double-arched opening surmounted by bow windows and two semi-cylindrical towers. The façade was faced with travertine. After a later restoration, the towers were enlarged, increased, and linked, through two parallel walls, to the preexisting Arch of Drusus.In AD 401-402 Emperor Honorius reshaped the gate with a single fornix and a higher attic with two rows of six bow windows each; it was also provided with an uncovered chemin de ronde with merlons. The bases of the towers were incorporated within two square-plan platforms, faced with marble. A later modification yielded the gate's present form, in which a floor has been added to the whole structure, towers included. Due to the absence of the usual plate commemorating the works, some archaeologists doubt that the work has not been carried out by Honorius, who left panegyric epigraphs on any other restored part of the walls or the gates.
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  • The old but still relatively well preserved city gate to the via Apia, the actually original Roman road.
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  • Porta San Sebastiano is without a doubt the largest and best preserved of all the defensive wall of the Aurelian walls. Its original name was porta Appia, because it went out from Rome via Appia, but was linked to St Sebastian's day because the way leads to the basilica and the catacombs of St. Sebastian, which in fact are located nearby. popular. The original structure is vintage aureliana, built in approximately 275 d; provided an opening with two arches surmounted by arched Windows, between two cylindrical towers, coverage of the façade was travertine. Afterwards the two towers were raised and perhaps connected to the existing Arch of Drusus, a few metres inland, so for a few years had formed an inner courtyard where the arch was inner door. A subsequent remake-is believed by Belisarius in 536-awarded her the present appearance and the entire hotel, including towers, was raised by one floor. Interesting to note that the monument was the scene of many historic events: the clash between Guelphs and Ghibellines in 1327, with the troops of Charles of Anjou against the column (which is interesting to trace in the Angel graffiti and is enrolled in), then in 1536 he was fifth choice for the triumphal entry of Emperor Charles V visits Rome, as well as after the battle of Lepanto in 1571, hence came the triumph of the victorious Admiral Marcantonio Colonna. Late in the war, during the Fascist period was granted, by choice moot and curious, in use as a residence and art studio at hierarch Hercules Mutti, which operated many works of transformation and adaptation to make a comfortable penthouse towers
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  • One of the oldest and well maintained walls aurelianale doors ... Switching between the archaeological walk ... And the area of the catacombs
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  • Wonderful monument to discover. Museum is for free
  • For Roman History Nerds, there's a museum about the walls themselves and you can bike down the Appian Way all the way down up to Circus Massenzio
  • You can get there by taking the 218 from porta San Giovanni, the bus stops right outside. You walk in the door and start walking, I recommend having this summer from dusk onwards, will wrap for a smell of jasmine and feel again the steps of Peter and the early Christians who came to Rome to mark the history. Go all the way to the bottom to take you to the baths of Caracalla, where there is a nice Park and soon after the Circus Maximus that must see!
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  • A very nice, with lots of historical/archaeological sites to visit or walks!
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  • A blast from the past
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Where to stay in Rome

For easy foot access to most of the city's main historical sites, consider staying in Rome's old town center. The area is conveniently placed for public transport, only a walk away from the city's main railway station. Accommodations here span all hotels sectors, from cheap hostels to luxury brand names. To avoid the steep prices and overcrowding of the town center, explore the hotels in the inner suburbs of Rome. They offer comfortable rooms and excellent food at a fraction of the price charged by the centrally located hotel chains. Another affordable option is the area around Vatican, which boasts a good selection of family-owned B&Bs.
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