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Porta San Sebastiano, Rome

(4.8/5 based on 25+ reviews on the web)
The Porta San Sebastiano is the largest and one of the best-preserved gates passing through the Aurelian Walls in Rome (Italy).Originally known as the Porta Appia, the gate sat astride the Appian Way, the regina viarum, which originated at the Porta Capena in the Servian Wall. During the Middle Ages probably it was also called Accia (or Dazza or Datia), a name whose etymology is quite uncertain, but arguably associated with the river Almone, called "acqua Accia", that flowed nearby. A document ca. AD 1434 calls it Porta Domine quo vadis. The present name is attested only since the second half of 15th century, due to the vicinity to the Basilica of San Sebastiano and its catacombs.The original structure was constructed by Aurelian ca. AD 275 and included a double-arched opening surmounted by bow windows and two semi-cylindrical towers. The façade was faced with travertine. After a later restoration, the towers were enlarged, increased, and linked, through two parallel walls, to the preexisting Arch of Drusus.In AD 401-402 Emperor Honorius reshaped the gate with a single fornix and a higher attic with two rows of six bow windows each; it was also provided with an uncovered chemin de ronde with merlons. The bases of the towers were incorporated within two square-plan platforms, faced with marble. A later modification yielded the gate's present form, in which a floor has been added to the whole structure, towers included. Due to the absence of the usual plate commemorating the works, some archaeologists doubt that the work has not been carried out by Honorius, who left panegyric epigraphs on any other restored part of the walls or the gates.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • The Porta San Sebastian is a massive gate in the Aurelian Walls (which are particularly well preserved in this area). Amazing to see how Rome was (and had to be) protected after the empire began to fa...  more »
  • Takes its name from basilica di San Sebastiano, his real name was originally the Appian gate because it bypasses and launches into the countryside the Queen of the roads. Impressive artifact, of noble appearance despite the traffic that besieges. From porta San Sebastiano you can take a walk along the top of the wall which makes via Cristoforo Colombo until bastion of Sangallo.
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  • Once again in Rome, and now, finally, reached the Roman monuments on the Appian way. St. Sebastian gate is one of the most important and best preserved gate walls Avrelianskoj, named for the Saint, buried in the homonymous Basilica nearby. Inside the Porta San Sebastiano-Museum of the walls of Rome.
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Google
  • Wonderful monument to discover. Museum is for free
  • For Roman History Nerds, there's a museum about the walls themselves and you can bike down the Appian Way all the way down up to Circus Massenzio
  • A very nice, with lots of historical/archaeological sites to visit or walks!
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