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Forum Boarium, Rome

4.0
#894 of 2,927 in Things to do in Rome
The Forum Boarium was the cattle forum venalium of Ancient Rome. It was located on a level piece of land near the Tiber between the Capitoline, the Palatine and Aventine hills. As the site of the original docks of Rome, the Forum Boarium experienced intense commercial activity.The Forum Boarium was the site of the first gladiatorial contest at Rome which took place in 264 BC as part of aristocratic funerary ritual—a munus or funeral gift for the dead. Marcus and Decimus Junius Brutus Scaeva put on a gladiatorial combat in honor of their deceased father with three pairs of gladiators.The site was also a religious center housing the Temple of Hercules Victor, the Temple of Portunus, and the massive 6th or 5th century BC Great Altar of Hercules.ArchitectureThe Temple of Hercules Victor or Hercules Olivarius (Hercules as protector of the olive trade), is a circular peristyle building dating from the 2nd century BC. It consists of a colonnade of Corinthian columns arranged in a concentric ring around the cylindrical cella, resting on a tuff foundation. These elements originally supported an architrave and roof which have disappeared. It is the earliest surviving marble building in Rome. For centuries, this was known as the Temple of Vesta.
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Forum Boarium Reviews
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TripAdvisor Traveler Rating 4.0
67 reviews
Google
4.3
TripAdvisor
  • Loving these temples. I only personally remember the circular one. It's location to the Tiber would have made this busy back in the Ancient Roman days.  more »
  • Two ancient temples of the Republican period in a beautiful square with a fountain and opposite the Santa Maria Cosentine and the mouth of truth! From the most beautiful places in Rome. Too bad there are rubbish in the fencing of temples...
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  • This is a very historic place and it is accessible for free. The arch of Janus is magnificent and so is the marvellous temple of Hercules. Definitely worth walking here from the circus maximus!  more »
Google
  • Classical forms and style for an amazing looking buildings.
  • A beautiful historic site.
  • Nice enough building but compared to the rest to see in Rome it's just OK to see as you pass
  • Beautiful site !
  • Easy to get this building.
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