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Fontana dell'Acqua Paola, Rome

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Fountain
The Fontana dell'Acqua Paola also known as Il Fontanone is a monumental fountain located on the Janiculum Hill, near the church of San Pietro in Montorio, in Rome, Italy. It was built in 1612 to mark the end of the Acqua Paola aqueduct, restored by Pope Paul V, and took its name from him. It was the first major fountain on the right bank of the River Tiber.HistoryThe Fontana dell'Acqua Paola was inspired by the popularity of the Fontana dell'Acqua Felice, built in 1585-88 by Pope Sixtus V. Pope Paul V decided to rebuild and extend the ruined Acqua Traiana aqueduct built by the Emperor Trajan in order to create a source of clean drinking water for the residents of the Janiculum Hill, who were forced to take their water from brackish springs or from the polluted Tiber. He raised funds for his project in part by imposing a tax upon wine, which caused complaints among some residents. The funding from this tax and other sources allowed him to purchase the rights to the water of a spring near Lake Bracciano, not far from Rome, as the source for the fountain.The fountain was designed by Giovanni Fontana, whose brother had worked on the Fontana dell'Acqua Felice, and Flaminio Ponzio. They used white marble from the nearby ruins of the Roman Temple of Minerva in the Forum of Nerva, and constructed a massive gateway of five arches for the arrival of the water. At the top of the fountain are the papal tiara and keys, above the Borghese family coat of arms of an eagle and a dragon, supported by angels. The inscription praises Pope Paul in poetic terms for bringing water to the residents of the district.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Very impressive fountain that was commissioned by Pope Paul V in 1612 with lovely views back down across the city as well. Well worth taking the time to walk up from Tastevere to visit it or to visit ...  more »
  • My wife and I walked down to the Fontana dell’Acqua Paolo from the top of the Janiculum Hill only to find that it was empty – no water – and four workers were in the middle of the basin. There was a “...  more »
  • Gorgeous fountain worth the climb from Trastavere,the view is lovely. The area is very nice with a tribute memorial to Garibaldi and his wife. Have lunch in Trastavere or buy a panino and a beverage f...  more »