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Curia Julia, Rome

4.3
#174 of 526 in Historic Sites in Rome
The Curia Julia is the third named Curia, or Senate House, in the ancient city of Rome. It was built in 44 BC, when Julius Caesar replaced Faustus Cornelius Sulla's reconstructed Curia Cornelia, which itself had replaced the Curia Hostilia. Caesar did so to redesign both spaces within the Comitium and the Roman Forum. The alterations within the Comitium reduced the prominence of the Senate and cleared the original space. The work, however, was interrupted by Caesar's assassination at the Theatre of Pompey, where the Senate had been meeting temporarily while the work was completed. The project was eventually finished by Caesar's successor, Augustus Caesar, in 29 BC.
The Curia Julia is one of only a handful of Roman structures that still survives mostly intact because of its conversion into the basilica of Sant'Adriano al Foro in the 7th century and several later restorations. However, the roof, the upper elevations of the side walls and the rear façade are modern and date from the remodeling of the deconsecrated church, in the 1930s.
There were many curiae during the history of the Roman civilization, many of them existing at the same time. Curia means simply "meeting house". While the senate met regularly at the curia within the comitium space, there were many other structures designed for it to meet when the need occurred: for example, meeting with someone who was not allowed to enter the sanctified curias of the Senate.
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4.5
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  • It is said that the present building in the Capitol of the Senate was restored by the 20th century, what had been converted to church for a long time. It looks simple from the outside, but it used to be decorated in marble. It is the most prototype building in Foro Romano and is worth seeing.
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  • The Director of the Colosseum Archaeological Park, Alfonsina Russo, has opened to the public the Curia Iulia in the Roman Forum with a series of events that, starting in September 2019, are held in the historic building. It is a place of great emotions, a place where you walk, without trampling on it, on a floor of history, a building that evokes historical events that happened at least two millennia ago, which we have known on the history books since primary school. Beautiful place and beautiful initiative.
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  • Julius Caesar started to built the Curia Julia (i.e. a Senate House named after himself) in 44 B.C.. This Senate House replaced Curia Cornelia, which in turn had replaced Curia Hostilia, in this same ...  more »
Google
  • Never been there yet, but I'm sure it's a wonderful place.
  • Former site of the Roman senate. Amazing!
  • Fabulous and interesting building
  • A structure so simple the center of the empire? The Curia was for a long time the political heart of the Roman Empire. Even after the Republican period the Senate continued to argue, fight and plot between these walls. It is strange that one of the most important buildings of the Roman Empire had such a sober appearance at times almost anonymous compared to the monuments that we would have seen all around in the Imperial age.
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  • Coria Julia is the third Senate house built in Rome. The construction began by Caesar in 44 B.C. and ended after being assassinated by Augustus Caesar in 29 B.C. Caesar wanted to replace the Senate house, Coria Cornelia (Curia Cornelia), which replaced the former Senate House Coria Hostelia (Curia Hostilia). Julius wanted to reduce the importance of the Senate, so he wanted to design the Senate house again. The building was demolished in a 283 ad fire and reconstructed from 284 to 305 by Emperor Diocletian. The building was restored again in 412 by the city governor. In 630 AD, the building was transformed into the Basilica of St. Andrew Adriano Al Foro which has been restored and reconstructed several times. The last renovation in 1930 included the Attic, roof and back front. The structure survived by his grandmother to the church which continued to be active throughout the period.
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