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Curia Julia, Rome

4.2
#176 of 459 in Historic Sites in Rome
The Curia Julia is the third named Curia, or Senate House, in the ancient city of Rome. It was built in 44 BC, when Julius Caesar replaced Faustus Cornelius Sulla's reconstructed Curia Cornelia, which itself had replaced the Curia Hostilia. Caesar did so to redesign both spaces within the Comitium and the Roman Forum. The alterations within the Comitium reduced the prominence of the Senate and cleared the original space. The work, however, was interrupted by Caesar's assassination at the Theatre of Pompey, where the Senate had been meeting temporarily while the work was completed. The project was eventually finished by Caesar's successor, Augustus Caesar, in 29 BC.The Curia Julia is one of only a handful of Roman structures that still survives mostly intact because of its conversion into the basilica of Sant'Adriano al Foro in the 7th century and several later restorations. However, the roof, the upper elevations of the side walls and the rear façade are modern and date from the remodeling of the deconsecrated church, in the 1930s.HistoryThere were many curiae during the history of the Roman civilization, many of them existing at the same time. Curia means simply "meeting house". While the senate met regularly at the curia within the comitium space, there were many other structures designed for it to meet when the need occurred: for example, meeting with someone who was not allowed to enter the sanctified curias of the Senate.
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  • It is renovated by Caesar 0/44 of the ancient Roman Senate. Ultimately, the complete business 0/29 Augustus is a thing. After the fire of 283, the current building is rebuilt 305 by Diocletian this. It is left without being destroyed as a church and then.
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  • This is the highest political organ of the Republic age. The first Curia was built in 0/6, burned after reconstruct the Caesar and Augustus. Repair of the 4th century Diocletian restored in 1930, in the current brick, are left in the most complete Roman form. Internal relief of Trajan.
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  • Curia Julia is a very important historical site. Julius Caesar was responsible for its construction, which was actually completed by his adopted son and nephew, Octavius, who became known as Augustus....  more »
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