Colombario di Pomponio Hylas, Rome

4.9
#246 of 526 in Historic Sites in Rome
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Colombario di Pomponio Hylas Reviews
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4.9
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  • In and around the villa, we enjoy the gentle warmth, the last summer before the remora cold. Among the secrets kept in the Park, there is the columbarium of Pomponius Hylas, a funerary construction divided into locules, each intended to house the remains of the deceased. A bit like the ossuaries that we usually see in our cemeteries. Traveled up the steep stairway, we note on the wall a mosaic with inscriptions ... are the names of the spouses Pomponio, Hylas and Vitalina. On the inside, like a leap back in time, what unfolds before is a small environment with some niches, where were placed the small clay pots containing the ashes of the dead. For those with memory, staying here really reminds a Dovecote, and impresses its amazing State of preservation. Initially, pagani then who have converted to the Christian faith, the Romans had very strongly about their dead, so that those who had the resources began to build tombs and mausoleums ever larger, so that the dearly departed continue to enjoy the respect and dignity that deserved in life.
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  • The columbarium of Pomponius Hylas was a wonderful surprise, highly recommended. First place: incanstonato nel parco degli Scipioni between the basilica of Saint Giovanni Porta Latina and the small oratory of San Giovanni in Oleo, so there is to spend a morning that traces the history of Rome. The columbarium is impregnable from the 1st century, the Aurelian walls of III, the basilica is medieval, Renaissance and Baroque oratory is. Everything is beautiful and in a pleasant, quiet, timeless. Then clearly the columbarium itself, perfectly preserved and there just for you, an unforgettable discovery 5 stars
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  • Inside the "Parco degli Scipioni", between via di Porta Latina and the via Appia Antica, walking distance from the Aurelian walls, there is the entrance of a tomb, and subtle sophistication and perfect preservation of the decoration is considered a jewel of funerary art. Entered the Park, to visit you must reach a lodge of masonry and traverse an anonymous door. Down ten steps of a steep staircase in masonry ... only a few meters from the surface you find yourself literally in another world: a leap back in time by about two millennia! Here for about four centuries were buried many citizens lived predominantly during the Roman Republic. The environment, from the first Visual impact, inspires a sense of amenity. Does not invoke the death, nor the gruesome, oppressive feeling, which sometimes characterizes a visit from one of our contemporary cemetery. You feel welcomed by the brightness of the vault, with vivid colours of the paintings; geometric lines of newsstands, timpani, rows of niches. Some information. The funeral building, like others targeted for collective burial is defined Columbarium for the affinity with the hospitalization of pigeons. Usually underground (Hypogeous or semi-hypogeum), is characterized by numerous rows of niches, dug along the walls and placed horizontally: from the floor to the top of the vaulted ceiling. After the cremation, the remains of the deceased were placed in pot-bellied jars with lids, olle urns-created primarily in earthenware-which in turn were incorporated into new niches. The columbarium were used primarily by those who, not having the economic means necessary to achieve its own tomb, however, wanted his ashes were stored properly. According to some sources, in Rome had sprung some sort of funerary association-collegia funeraticia-which you could join by paying a fixed sum. The inscription would guarantee the preservation of ashes of the deceased in a niche reserved to him and its maintenance. This kind of burial had spread to Rome and in all areas with high concentrations of population: quite limited areas could contain the remains of many dead. Widespread IIT between the middle of the 1st century BC and the 2nd a.d.. The columbarium is headed (unfairly?! we will see why) at liberto Pomponius Hylas. Together with the "Tomb of the scipios" is another major attraction Archaeological Park dedicated to the distinguished Gens lived during the Roman Republic. Archaeologists define a rare exception because it's perfectly preserved: decorated, in the reproduction of mythological figures; in time, painted in light colours, with vines, birds, dancing Cupids. The most original artwork of the columbarium is a mosaic glass tiles on blue background and surrounded by a row of shells. It is a rectangular panel with a Latin inscription: CN (aei) POMPONI HYLAE E (t) POMPONIAE CN (aei) L (ibertae) VITALINIS. In Italian: Gnaeus Pomponius Hylas Pomponia of Gnaeus Freedmen by Vitalino. Note a particular: above the letter P Pomponiae s ' can see a small V is a contraction of Vivit (lives). That suggests that the precious Panel was affixed to the death of Pomponius; on the will of his wife still alive. Under the inscription depicts two Griffins (or winged horses like Pegasus?) seats facing each other and separated by a harp. The ashes were housed in two pots, placed in the niche above the mosaic. According to some sources one would lie in the Cathedral of Ravello on the Amalfi coast. Transferred after a plundering suffered by cemetery in medieval times. The dedication to the liberto Pomponio was decided by the discoverer of the columbarium. It was the year 1831 and the famous collector of ancient art, Giovanni Pietro Campana, probably believed inventor and maker of the columbarium. Perhaps because he was convinced by the placement of the newsstand: very close to the entrance, immediately at the end of the staircase and into the opposite wall. Later research, however, have shown that had been made prior to the burial of Pomponius. Who had lived during the three Flavian imperial dynasty (69 to 79: Vespasian from; Tito from 79 to 81; Domitian from 81 to 96). So in a period between 69 and 96 a.d.. To establish with certainty the new dating has been the discovery of the Aedicule of two slaves freed themselves. The first, was a Freedman of Tiberius Granius Nestor, Emperor from 14 to 37. The other, Vinileia Hedone (or pawn), Claudia Octavia, daughter of Claudius (Emperor from 41 to 54) and his wife, Valeria "Messalina". The columbarium was therefore built between 14 and 54 a.d.. The olle of two Freedmen have been found at the bottom of the Columbarium, in a beautiful newsstand in Temple, placed in a rectangular room with a vaulted roof. Two painted figures represent them while their names are listed in the table of marble below. The tomb is decorated with two columns, a frieze; and a pediment in which is depicted a naked youth identified with Dionysus. The apse is decorated with branches of Pomegranate and three female figures (the fates, who presided over the destiny of man from birth to death?). A commentary: evidence that two freedmen were buried in the first half of the first century a.d. While Parkin and his wife in the second, wouldn't it have been more fair to make them the columbarium? Continuing in the description of the funeral building, the walls are home to other newsstands with Gables and stucco friezes, topped with colorful decorations. And paintings representing famous figures from classical mythology. Let us look at some:-Dionysus, represented on the pediment of the wayside shrine of Freedmen, is considered the "inventor", inter alia, of the vine, then wine. Drink that makes you forget the worries, releases senses, feeds her joy at banquets and induces to singing, to love; But even to madness and violence. It is therefore an instrument of mediation between men and gods. With their orgiastic character, the mysteries of Dionysus have spread from Greece before in Etruria, then in the rest of Italy. His legend was so widespread that the Roman Senate in 186 BC he had to forbid the Bacchanals. Nonetheless, the cult of Dionysus was a great sequel and importance to the Imperial age. -On a lintel is painted the scene you should portray an episode from the life of Orpheus among his countrymen. The Bard of Thrace with his singing had the magical power to calm the storm, domesticate animals fascinate men. In turn, for the unfortunate love with Eurydice, was "sung" by Aeschylus, Ovid and Virgil. In the opinion of some experts its depiction in the columbarium commemorates the founder of cults and mysteries; capable of indicating how to achieve immortality and happiness hereafter. -Returning to the gable of the newsstand next to the stairway, we see the image of the Centaur Chiron, stucco meek soul who loved science and culture. Is teaching to Achilles playing the lyre. -Other painting, other representation relates three-headed dog Cerberus, the guardian of the entrance of Hades. The description of his hideous appearance is invoked even by Virgil in the Aeneid and Ovid in his metamorphoses. The different representations of the columbarium share a symbolic character. Forerunners of Christianity, allude to possible fates that await the dead in a hypothetical afterlife. So, depending on how it is acted in life, the good guys are reserved the Champs Elysees; the wicked the Ade. What overall message drawn from mythological image set? A "philosophy" that can act as a bridge between life and death, between desire and hope of achieving, through immortality, happiness hereafter. Last entry. An urn, found in the Columbarium and transferred to the Capitoline museums, reports dedicated to a Freedman who had been at the service of Antoninus Pius. The Emperor had ruled from 138 to 161 for which we know the columbarium was used until the middle of the second century. Information input: Via di Porta Latina, 10-inside the Parco degli Scipioni phone: 060608 every day from 9.00 to 19.00 Email: info@060608.it admission for groups accompanied. Maximum 7/8 people at a time. Rates (*): full price Reduced €4.00 €3.00 (*) in the cost does not include the guided tour, which is curated by cultural associations with which the date should be agreed directly.
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  • This site isn't often open to the public and to make it more complicated, you have to go with a 'cultural association', not just a guide, but if you get the chance it's an interesting place. Built several meters below ground, the 'colombario' is an ancient burial site where people could 'rent' a niche in which to bury the ashes of their loved ones. At some point the site was full and closed off, so the ceiling frescoes haven't been hacked to pieces and plundered like at other sites.
  • what
  • Beautiful Roman dovecote from the 1st century located inside the Scipioni Park between the Latina Street and the Regina Viarium. After 2000 years it still retains all the charm and its former glory with beautiful frescoes and cinerarian urns still intact. Guided tour made with the association Roma Sparita with a great guide. Free with the mic. Must be seen
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  • An enchanted place, which deserves to be visited. To book in advance for the limited number of people who can descend into the tomb.
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  • Incredible place too bad that you can not take pictures....... Organized I highly recommend
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