Chiesa di San Gregorio al Celio, Rome
Categories: Sacred & Religious Sites, Historic Sites, Tourist Spots
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Nel VI secolo d.C. tra il Celio e il Palatino, lungo il tracciato dell’antico Clivus Scauri, papa Gregorio Magno fondò un piccolo convento in memoria di San Benedetto da Norcia, di cui era un devoto s... read more »In the 6th century a.d. between the Celio and Palatine, along the route of the ancient Clivus Scauri, Pope Gregory the great, founded a small monastery in memory of Saint Benedict of Nursia, of which he was a devoted follower. The convent was a church dedicated to Saint Andrew, who after the death of Gregory was also dedicated to this Pontiff. This explains the original double name of this ancient place of worship, now known simply as San Gregorio al Celio. Fallen into disrepair throughout the middle ages the Church was restored several times in later centuries, reaching its current appearance. The monumental Baroque façade, designed by Giovanni Battista Soria, rises above a wide staircase. But this is a purely aesthetic artifice, since the facade itself, much more modest, is separated from the primary by a large rectangular cloister, supported by arches and columns. The Interior has 3 naves, divided by columns with Ionic capital huddled at the sides of the mighty pillars. The columns are still in the presbytery, with grooves and gilded stucco decorations. The floor is the original 1300, in cosmatesque style. Really spectacular fresco on the vault, depicting in bright and warm tones on "Triumph of St. Gregory". In a side chapel houses a massive marble Chair, where according to tradition used to gather in prayer the Holy himself. Just to the side of the Church on the left who climbs on the Caelian Hill, there are the so-called "orators", three tiny little churches with sober lines and elegant, painted inside by great Renaissance artists. On the right there is the famous "triclinium": a large marble slab supported by winged figures, perhaps dating back to the first centuries of the Roman Empire, which according to tradition the same Gregory was in the habit of preparing an annual lunch beggars in Rome. The condition is confirmed by an inscription on one side of the entrance portal. The Central church dedicated to Saint Andrew, hosts a large fresco of Domenichino inspired by the martyrdom of the Saint; the one on the left is dedicated to Saint Silvia, mother of Saint Gregory the great. The three buildings probably date to the early Middle Ages, but were thoroughly remodelled in the Baroque period. The constant references to St. Gregorio are not random: this character, belonging to the Gens Anicia, was born in 540 in these places and spent much of his life. Elected Pope in 590 held true to its name (which comes from the Greek and means "awake", "active"): spread Christianity in more distant territories of the former Roman Empire, converting the Lombards, angles, Saxons and other peoples; promoted works of charity for the poor, strengthened the spiritual and temporal power of the Church in those difficult years marked by wars, epidemics, famine, earning the nickname "Magnus" (large). According to tradition he established a liturgical melody that he took the name of "Gregorian chant". The complex of San Gregorio is easily reached on foot from the nearby Colosseum, both from the Circus Maximus, along the street of the same name from one side or the other. You can also get there from the top of the Caelian Hill, along the narrow and picturesque Clivus Scauri (which still retains the name it had in antiquity). The Church should normally remain open in the morning and in the afternoon, but sometimes you find it closed without knowing why; try playing in the rectory, but it is not certain that you open. Frequently there are celebrated marriages, especially after lent.show original
Oltre la denominazione tutta la storia di questo monumento è legato alla vita ed alle opere papa S. Gregorio il Grande : questi edificò , trasformando la sua casa di famiglia che qui sorgeva (Titulus ... read more »Besides the name the entire history of this monument is tied to the life and works of Pope St. Gregory the great: these built, transforming his family home that stood here (Titulus Anicii), a monastery dedicated to St. Gregorio in the year 1000. Born in Rome in 535 by the noble family of the Anicii, according to tradition, in a house located where today stands the Church of St. Gregorio della Divina Pietà, praefectus urbis before becoming a monk and afterwards Pope in 590, when in Rome there was the plague, and organized a grand procession at the end of which, according to legend , would appear in the sky, the Archangel Michael sheathing the sword, signifying the end of the epidemic, perching on the mausoleum of Hadrian, which by then was called Castel Sant'Angelo. For centuries the Church entrusted to the care of the camaldolese monks, was repeatedly revised during the middle ages and the Renaissance until the artwork of G.B. Soria on behalf of cardinal Scipione Borghese, who was the architect of the current Baroque façade and Atrium in foggia; shortly before the Jubilee of 1600 had been defined the beautiful staircase and the Esplanade, composing a glance spectacular and highly effective. the Bourgeois clientele is as always represented clearly through the symbols of the Eagle and large dragons rising dramatically over each of the three entry portals. In summary the side two orders topped by a monumental triangular pediment with a central Crest looks harmonious and fulfilling successfully the spirit of a Baroque jewel; effect achieved I think especially for the cornice of the staircase and the scenic square. Inside stepped into the harmonious rich graves distinguished porch, we found full of spirituality, as well as works of art, the chapel of San Gregorio and next, another small chapel, which may have been the Saint's cell, where his Episcopal seat in the 1st century BC marble worthy of mention is the Salviati Chapel, completed by Carlo Maderno in which lies the ancient fresco of the Madonna with child According to legend, would speak to St. Gregorio. You have to go outdoors in the garden to find among the three chapels there are localized, dedicated to St. Andrew, which features a portico with 4 columns of ancient classical capitals cipolin; Reni and Domenichino's frescoes inside, and a beautiful coffered wooden ceiling, ultimately in its entirety is a masterpiece. Another work by Guido reni enriches another chapel dedicated to Saint Michael, was built in 1602, arising in the apse the concert of angels. Not wanting to belittle the critically important archaeological ourselves to site also mention the presence of a section of cryptoporticus; remains of a dwelling house with several floors, the beginning of the 3rd century ad; a section of wall in the tufa covering a cement core, rest of a construction of Republican age, finally a classroom of a Basilica with an apse of the VI century AD. "most likely the library of Pope agapetus I. Finally, a nod to its accessibility: the official opening hours are daily from 9 to 13 and from 15.30 at 19 and, I was able to verify its opening because I often tack in this area by climbing the Celio; I find it so strange that comments on the difficulty of access to the Interior of the Church!show original
Come potete vedere dalle circa 40 foto dei recensori di questa attrazione, foto quasi tutte della bella facciata in travertino, questa chiesa pur in splendida posizione, pur a due passi dal convento d... read more »As you can see from about 40 photos of reviewers of this attraction, pictures of almost all of the beautiful travertine façade, this church while in a wonderful position, while a few steps from the convent of the Sisters of Mother Teresa of Calcutta, is unfortunately almost always closed. Even the recent Palm Sunday: door closed, not even an alert to tell you something. A beggar under the stairway, not very reliable, told us that maybe opened at 11.30 for but we got there at 10 and after trying repeatedly to knock had come away dissatisfied, along with two other couples of foreign tourists too much in awe of the situation. Rated 3 out of respect to the Church but one cheque to the handlers.show original
See it when you're in the neighborhood of the Colosseum!
Marta Dal CinGreat accommodation a few steps from Colosseum, beautiful location, rooms clean and comfortable! Very hospitable!show original
Giorgio Tarquinio MastronardiBeautiful and then the Carmelites give that little bit moreshow original
Matteo De MartinoWhen I found myself at the Centre of the chapel on the aisle, absorbed in contemplation of the ceiling of the vault, I lost my breath in wonder and amazement at the same time feeling and recollection. Without wordsshow original
Mario malvasiFantastic placeshow original
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