Chiesa di San Carlo ai Catinari (SS. Biagio e Carlo ai Catinari), Rome

4.2
#221 of 526 in Historic Sites in Rome
San Carlo ai Catinari, also called Santi Biagio e Carlo ai Catinari is an early-Baroque style church in Rome, Italy. It is located on Piazza Benedetto Cairoli, 117 just off the corner of Via Arenula and Via dei Falegnami, a few blocks south of the church of Sant'Andrea della Valle.The attribute ai Catinari refers to the presence, at the time of its construction, of many dishmaker shops in the same street as the church. The church was commissioned by the Order of the Barnabites and funded by the Milanese community in Rome to honour their fellow Milanese St. Charles Borromeo . It is one of at least three Roman churches dedicated to him, including San Carlo al Corso and San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane . The main design was by Rosato Rosati between 1612 and 1620. The travertine façade was designed by Giovanni Battista Soria and construction occurred in 1635-38.InteriorThe interior has yellow scagliola pilasters. The pendentives of the cupola are frescoed with the Cardinal Virtues (1627–30) by Domenichino who designed the stucco decoration in the dome and probably the other main vaults. In the choir is the fresco of S. Carlo Borromeo in Glory; executed in 1646-1647, this is the last painting by Giovanni Lanfranco. Directly behind the high altar is the oil painting of S. Carlo carrying the Holy Nail in Procession during the Plague by Pietro da Cortona. The high altar itself was designed by Martino Longhi the Younger. On the entrance wall are frescoes by Gregorio and Mattia Preti, showing episodes from the Life of Saint Charles (1642).
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  • In the place where this church stands today there was in ancient times a small building of worship dating back to 1200, named after San Biagio (bishop martyred in Armenia, in the early 4th century). Work on the construction of the current building began in 1620. However, due to lack of funds and technical problems, the church was terminated and consecrated more than a hundred years later. The old headline was retained, adding a new one to San Carlo Borromeo, the famous cardinal who was one of the main protagonists of the Counter-Reformation. The name "to the catinari" comes from the fact that in the area there were numerous shops where basins, trays, etc. were produced and sold. The church over time was damaged by lightning and especially by cannons fired during clashes between French troops and volunteers of the Roman Republic in 1849. The Baroque facade was designed by the Roman architect Giovan Battista Soria, according to a three-tiered scheme marked horizontally by marked trabeations and, vertically, by large Corinthian lesenes. I remind you that they are called "lesene" the false pillars a little protruding from the wall, having exclusively aesthetic function and therefore devoid of supporting function. In the lower level the large central gate is overlaid with a beautiful medallion where Cardinal Giovan Battista Leni (the funder of the work) is depicted crowned with the inscription "Humilitas"; on the sides there are two smaller entrances and two beautiful niches left without statues. The character is also dedicated to the conspicuous inscription on the main trabeation, which reads: "I BAPTISTA S.R.E. CARDINALIS LENIUS ARCHIPR. LATERAN To MDCXXXV". The central register repeats the design of the lower one: between the paraste opens a large window enclosed in an elegant edict, finished at the bottom by a balustrade; on the sides two smaller windows and two other empty niches. The upper level consists of a triangular eardrum, bearing the family crest of Cardinal Leni. The spectacular dome rests on a drum where twelve rectangular windows are opened, separated by as many lesenes with Ionic capital; the latter are extended on the ribs of the dome, and finally on the lantern, overlaid with a graceful dome with sphere and cross (symbol of Christ's authority over the world). The interior is also in the Baroque style, with a Greek cross and barrel vaults. In the four plumes, i.e. in the triangular spaces between the base of the dome and the intersection of the arms, the painter Domenico Zampieri (better known as Domenichino) depicted the Four Cardinal Virtues: Fortress, Temperance, Justice and Prudence. The main altar, all in brown marble, very elaborate, supported by two pairs of slender Corinthian columns, is the work of Martino Longhi the Younger. Behind a small grate under the altar is the skull of Santa Febronia (martyred according to tradition in Asia Minor, at the end of the 3rd century). The legend of this saint, invoked in the past by women suffering from breast diseases, is very interesting; I don't have the space here to narrate it, but if you're interested you can read it extensively in a good text of hagiology. In the absidal conca there is a fresco depicting "San Carlo Borromeo welcomed in heaven" by Giovanni Lanfranco. The same artist is due to the Announcement painted on the counterface. Also worth mentioning is a beautiful bronze crucifix by Alessandro Algardi. Other fine works by Mattia Preti, Andrea Sacchi, Leonardo da Roma (not to be confused with the most famous da Vinci) and other artists decorate the various rooms of the church. The Church of Saints Biagio and Charles at the Catinari (this is the exact headline) is located in Rome in Piazza Benedetto Cairoli, a short walk from Largo Arenula, in the historic Ward of St. Eustachius.
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  • This is the San Carlo church in front of Kairoli Square, near the Garibaldi bridge over the Tiber River. There is a profound feeling in the appearance decorated with a fine sculpture with a white stone. It was bright and glittering, and the paintings and ceilings painted on the walls were spectacular.
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  • It is a very splendid church though the person like the tourist hardly sees. It was on the way to the north and south, so I quickly understood the location. The location is very good.
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  • The church is apparently open: 7:30 to 12:00, 16:00 to 19:00 or when the evening Mass finishes. The times of Masses, according to the Diocese, are: Weekdays 8:00, 10:00, 18:00 (18:30 in July and August); Sundays 10:00, 12:00, 18:30. Because of the restricted floorspace of the church, visitors (even well-behaved ones) are not welcome in the church during Mass unless they attend it. Please plan your visit with the above times in mind.
  • This is such a gem! The Capella di Musicisti on the right, close to the altar is divine. This is one of those places you never hear about, but should never miss!
  • For Jackman Christ, everything has to be done in the best possible way! A church that can even compare to heaven, Of such beauty and incomparability, Really made with very good taste. For The architect was certainly our Lord, JESUS CHRIST
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  • The Church in Baroque style, was completed in 1620, was later added the travertine façade (1638), as we see it today. The Church is raised above the road surface, and is accessed by a staircase and a central building. The façade has two orders:-the bottom is divided by six Corinthian pilasters, which emphasize the three portals, the central one much bigger at the top at the Center there is a fresco representing Saint Carlo Borromeo. -The upper one shows a large window with a balcony and two smaller Windows on either side. At the top of the front is a pediment adorned, in whose gable is a coat of arms. To the right of the Church, set back there is a Bell Tower, with ancient bells, very nice is also the dome, one of the largest in Rome. The original Interior was a Greek cross, then with the addition of the apse has become a Latin cross. In the Interior there are several fine frescoes from the 17th century.
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