Chiesa dei Santi Cosma e Damiano, Rome
Categories: Sacred & Religious Sites, Churches, Tourist Spots
The basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano is a church in the Roman Forum, parts of which incorporate original Roman buildings. The circular building at the entrance onto the Forum (not used today) was built in the early 4th century as a Roman temple, thought to have been dedicated to Valerius Romulus, deified son of the emperor Maxentius. The main building was perhaps the library of an imperial forum.It became a church in 527 and contains important but much restored Early Christian art, especially in its mosaics.Today it is one of the ancient churches called tituli, of which cardinals are patrons as cardinal-deacons: the current Cardinal Deacon of the Titulus Ss. Cosmae et Damiani is Beniamino Stella, created Cardinal on 22 February 2014. The basilica, devoted to the two Greek brothers, doctors, martyrs and saints Cosmas and Damian, is located in the Forum of Vespasian, also known as the Forum of Peace.HistoryThe Temple is traditionally held to have been dedicated by Emperor Maxentius to his son and co-consul Valerius Romulus, who died in 309 and was given divine honours. The temple building was probably part of a rebuilding program of "incredible intensity" undertaken by Maxentius in the area, following a disastrous fire in 306; the project was only part-complete at his death. The temple's identification with Valerius Romulus is tentative, based on the spot-find of a coin dated to 307 AD showing the distinctive shape of the building, and a nearby dedication to Valerius Romulus as a a divinised mortal. The temple has also been speculated as a rebuilding of the original temple of "Jupiter Stator", or one dedicated to Penates, restored by Maxentius.Add Chiesa dei Santi Cosma e Damiano to your Rome travel itinerary, and discover new vacation ideas by using our Rome vacation trip planner.
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This church immediately next to the Forum Romanum .. actually on top or inside of the temple of Romolus is worth a visit . There is a large glass front in the back of the church where you can look dow... read more »
A wonderful small church just next to roman Forum and Coliseum. Perhaps for this reason, not well kniwn. But wonderful mosaics and a very cheerful and colorful altar. Worth visiting, as there is a med... read more »
Very quiet with some spectacular mosaics. There is a 'presepe' which is the equal of anything I've seen in Naples - although this is not always available to see. This Basilica is well worth visiting a... read more »
It is breathtaking experience staying in front of a more than thousand year old curch
Joao Cesar Escossia
Built in the early 6th century AD, the Basilica dei Santi Cosma e Damiano (Basilica of Saints Cosmas and Damian) is the oldest church in the Imperial Forum in Rome. It adjoins an ancient Roman temple (which can be viewed through a glass wall in the back) and features original early Christian mosaics in the apse. The church is entered through an adjacent convent on Via dei Fori Imperiali, a major road running alongside the Imperial Forum and ending at the Colosseum. The side walls of the basilica are original from the 4th-century Roman hall, but they are not visible due to the convent buildings that surround them. From the Forum, you can see the round Temple of Jupiter Stator (3rd-century BC) with its original bronze doors (early 300s AD). The original key still turns in the door, but visitors may not enter the temple. Its excavated interior can, however, be clearly viewed from a full-length glass wallin the church above. The 6th century apse mosaic in the Byzantine style is original and justly famous. It is illuminated by a coin-operated light in the left aisle. It provided inspiration for many later mosaics. It depicts the Parousia or Second Coming of Christ "on the clouds of Heaven with power and great glory" (Matthew 24:30). The manner in which Christ is depicted is Roman rather than Byzantine, despite the obvious Byzantine style of the work as a whole. The mosaic features Christ standing on red clouds (representing the dawn), dressed in golden robes labeled with the monogram I. He holds the scroll of the Law in his left hand.
The Temple Of Peace also known as the Forum of Vespasian, but didn’t receive the recognition of a true forum so it was classified as a temple. The Temple of Peace was built to celebrate Emperor Vespasian’s conquest of Jerusalem ( Jewish revolt). The Temple was constructed in 71 AD – 75 AD. It faces the direction of the Coliseum. Placed in the Market of Republican era. The Temple of Peace housed art masterpieces such as the Seven-arm Candelabrum and the Silver trumpets. (That was later taken and put on other monuments.) In 64 AD during the Nero’s Reign, there was a fire that destroyed most of the Temple, which lead to Septimus Serverus thought to reconstruct the building in 192 AD, some remains of the Temple of peace are found today. The building was mostly made up of white marble and pink Aswan granite. The hall to the temple was not a square but a rectangle, and had a apse, two rows of columns, central area was not paved, had six rows of garden areas with center pools, and pedestals for statues. There was once a statue on a podium inside the temple of a woman-sitting branch in right hand and left hand rested on her lap. Most of the Temple of Peace no longer exist but for a few smaller building located within the temple.
Nice minor basilica near the Colosseum.
Fantastic to watch the mosaics 1500 years old!
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