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Chiesa dei Santi Cosma e Damiano, Rome

(4.5/5 based on 110+ reviews on the web)
The basilica of Santi Cosma e Damiano is a church in the Roman Forum, parts of which incorporate original Roman buildings. The circular building at the entrance onto the Forum (not used today) was built in the early 4th century as a Roman temple, thought to have been dedicated to Valerius Romulus, deified son of the emperor Maxentius. The main building was perhaps the library of an imperial forum.It became a church in 527 and contains important but much restored Early Christian art, especially in its mosaics.Today it is one of the ancient churches called tituli, of which cardinals are patrons as cardinal-deacons: the current Cardinal Deacon of the Titulus Ss. Cosmae et Damiani is Beniamino Stella, created Cardinal on 22 February 2014. The basilica, devoted to the two Greek brothers, doctors, martyrs and saints Cosmas and Damian, is located in the Forum of Vespasian, also known as the Forum of Peace.HistoryThe Temple is traditionally held to have been dedicated by Emperor Maxentius to his son and co-consul Valerius Romulus, who died in 309 and was given divine honours. The temple building was probably part of a rebuilding program of "incredible intensity" undertaken by Maxentius in the area, following a disastrous fire in 306; the project was only part-complete at his death. The temple's identification with Valerius Romulus is tentative, based on the spot-find of a coin dated to 307 AD showing the distinctive shape of the building, and a nearby dedication to Valerius Romulus as a a divinised mortal. The temple has also been speculated as a rebuilding of the original temple of "Jupiter Stator", or one dedicated to Penates, restored by Maxentius.
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  • In the walk that goes from the Colosseum all altare della patria secretly on the left you see a white gate, inside there is the basilica of santi Cosma e Damiano, famous for weddings, the Church presents a beautiful cloister is the basilica itself is very charming. Worth a visit
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  • Placed near the fori imperiali, next to the entrance of the excavations on via Salara, THERE is the church built over the Temple of peace, as you can see from the window placed on what should be the façade which looks onto the inside of the mausoleum of the deified Romulus. Mausoleum donated by Theodoric, King of the Ostrogoths, and his daughter Amalasuntha in 527 to Pope Felix IV, together with the library of the Forum of peace, became the site of the basilica dedicated to two Greek Saints, Cosmas and Damian, in contrast to the nearby temple of the Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux, symbols of paganism. Spectacular is the mosaic in the apse On the apse of the 530 centred Christ holding a roll and indicates a star, and flanked by Saint Paul and Saint Cosma cob Pope Felix IV and San Pietro with San Damiano and Theodore. Nice in the area below the procession of sheep representing the Apostles. Place not to be missed!!
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  • We loved this interesting church right up the main road from the Colosseum. It has a 1700 built nativity set which is enormous and accessed opposite door to the church entrance. The church has a glass...  more »
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  • Early Christian church built in 6th century on top of earlier roman structures - one the basilica dedicated to emperor Romulus who was designated a god other the library of the forum of vespasian. Temple of Romulus is vestibule of Church and well preserved. 6th century mosaics in apse depict second coming of Christ.
  • It is breathtaking experience staying in front of a more than thousand year old curch
  • Nice minor basilica near the Colosseum.
  • Built in the early 6th century AD, the Basilica dei Santi Cosma e Damiano (Basilica of Saints Cosmas and Damian) is the oldest church in the Imperial Forum in Rome. It adjoins an ancient Roman temple (which can be viewed through a glass wall in the back) and features original early Christian mosaics in the apse. The church is entered through an adjacent convent on Via dei Fori Imperiali, a major road running alongside the Imperial Forum and ending at the Colosseum. The side walls of the basilica are original from the 4th-century Roman hall, but they are not visible due to the convent buildings that surround them. From the Forum, you can see the round Temple of Jupiter Stator (3rd-century BC) with its original bronze doors (early 300s AD). The original key still turns in the door, but visitors may not enter the temple. Its excavated interior can, however, be clearly viewed from a full-length glass wallin the church above. The 6th century apse mosaic in the Byzantine style is original and justly famous. It is illuminated by a coin-operated light in the left aisle. It provided inspiration for many later mosaics. It depicts the Parousia or Second Coming of Christ "on the clouds of Heaven with power and great glory" (Matthew 24:30). The manner in which Christ is depicted is Roman rather than Byzantine, despite the obvious Byzantine style of the work as a whole. The mosaic features Christ standing on red clouds (representing the dawn), dressed in golden robes labeled with the monogram I. He holds the scroll of the Law in his left hand.
  • The Temple Of Peace also known as the Forum of Vespasian, but didn’t receive the recognition of a true forum so it was classified as a temple. The Temple of Peace was built to celebrate Emperor Vespasian’s conquest of Jerusalem ( Jewish revolt). The Temple was constructed in 71 AD – 75 AD. It faces the direction of the Coliseum. Placed in the Market of Republican era. The Temple of Peace housed art masterpieces such as the Seven-arm Candelabrum and the Silver trumpets. (That was later taken and put on other monuments.) In 64 AD during the Nero’s Reign, there was a fire that destroyed most of the Temple, which lead to Septimus Serverus thought to reconstruct the building in 192 AD, some remains of the Temple of peace are found today. The building was mostly made up of white marble and pink Aswan granite. The hall to the temple was not a square but a rectangle, and had a apse, two rows of columns, central area was not paved, had six rows of garden areas with center pools, and pedestals for statues. There was once a statue on a podium inside the temple of a woman-sitting branch in right hand and left hand rested on her lap. Most of the Temple of Peace no longer exist but for a few smaller building located within the temple.