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Capo di Bove, Rome

4.8
#151 of 252 in Historic Sites in Rome
Capo di Bove is an archeological site on the Appian Way on the outskirts of Rome, Italy. It contains the thermal baths of a vast property owned in the 2nd century AD by Herodes Atticus and his wife Annia Regilla.Formerly privately owned, the property at No. 222 on the Appian Way was acquired by the Italian Government in 2002. The area of the baths was at that time being used for grape growing. The origin of the name given to the site dates back to medieval times, when the area was known as the “Casale di Capo di Bove e di Capo di Vacca” (Hamlet of the Heads of the Ox and Cow), so named after the sculptures on the nearby tomb of Caecilia Metella. The area was purchased in 1302 by Cardinal Francesco Caetani, nephew of Pope Boniface VIII. In the 17th century the area served as a hospital while in the 19th century it was under the control of the monastery at the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls.The excavations, which can be visited daily free of charge, revealed thermal baths dating back to the middle of the 2nd century. These baths were used until at least the 4th century and were almost certainly for private use. Greek inscriptions found there remind us of the Greek origins of Herodes Atticus. There are several well-preserved mosaics and the high quality of building materials used suggest a very elegant environment with the usual rooms found in Roman baths, i.e. a caldarium (hot bath), a tepidarium (warm bath) and frigidarium (cold bath). Water was provided by two large cisterns.
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  • These Roman baths of the second century were recently acquired by the State, the site having previously been used for the cultivation of the vine. Its name dates back to medieval times. According to tradition it would be linked to the 'ox head' shaped sculpture on the tomb of Caecilia Metella on the other side of the Via Appia Antica. Probably designed for private use, the thermal baths are still rather well preserved mosaics. The site also includes a building incorporating the Roman ruins in its walls in which are exposed to old photographs of the Via Appia Antica.
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  • Walking we stop at the entrance. Curiosity prompts us to enter. And from here onwards all a surprise. The girl under the umbrella care the remains of mosaics, sculptures Gentiles, the hyper, to the beautiful love letters that have stood at the time. The neglect and wild overbuilding has taken time, but those remaining is loved and cared for. Go.
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  • Archaeological site along the Via Appia antica. The excavations show thermal baths from the 2nd century. There here are some well-preserved mosaics. The villa was recently thoroughly renovated. Inside multiple photos on a timeline.
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  • This is one of the most interesting attractions in via Appia antica. Visiting catacombs this is a must
  • Very interesting Villa, it's free.
  • Great exhibition which explains the saving of the Appian way
  • Historical walking
  • Free entry

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Where to stay in Rome

For easy foot access to most of the city's main historical sites, consider staying in Rome's old town center. The area is conveniently placed for public transport, only a walk away from the city's main railway station. Accommodations here span all hotels sectors, from cheap hostels to luxury brand names. To avoid the steep prices and overcrowding of the town center, explore the hotels in the inner suburbs of Rome. They offer comfortable rooms and excellent food at a fraction of the price charged by the centrally located hotel chains. Another affordable option is the area around Vatican, which boasts a good selection of family-owned B&Bs.
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