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Caelian Hill, Rome

4.5
#215 of 526 in Historic Sites in Rome
The Caelian Hill is one of the famous Seven Hills of Rome, Italy. Under reign of Tullus Hostilius, the entire population of Alba Longa was forcibly resettled on the Caelian Hill. According to a tradition recounted by Titus Livy, the hill received its name from Caelius Vibenna, either because he established a settlement there or because his friend Servius Tullius wished to honor him after his death.
In Republican-era Rome the Caelian Hill was a fashionable residential district and the site of residences of the wealthy. Archaeological work under the Baths of Caracalla have uncovered the remains of lavish villas complete with murals and mosaics. The Caelian is also the site of the Basilica of Santi Giovanni e Paolo and the ancient basilica of Santo Stefano Rotondo, known for its centralized, circular plan. A significant area of the hill is taken up by Villa Celimontana and its gardens.
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4.5
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  • The Celio is one of the seven hills of Rome and is one of the most pleasant and interesting itineraries to do in the city. The most frequented area is the one that rises from the Colosseum to St. John in Lateran where you will meet the interesting churches of San Clemente and the SS Four Coronati. Much less touristy and therefore even more enjoyable and peaceful is the slope that turns towards the Baths of Caracalla and which still has many interesting attractions to offer visitors including the churches of Santo Stefano Rotondo, Saints John and Paul and Santa Maria in Domnica in addition to the large park of Villa Celimontana and the archaeological site of the Roman Houses. Also interesting to visit is the complex of St. Gregory the Great with the church, the monastery, the garden and the Orators. An area where from time to time it is always pleasant to come for a walk.
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  • Between the Colosseum and the Circus Maximus going up there is the Hill of Celio with the villa celimontana. A nice walk between history and present.
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  • The Celian Hill is one of the seven hills of Rome, perhaps the least known but full of charm. Important monuments are far from its slopes, climbing from the Coliseum (san Clemente, santi Quattro Coronati) or from circo Massimo (St. Gregory). On the top you will find the beautiful case romane del Celio, an exciting archaeological site, the basilica of Saints John and Paul and the villa Celimontana. And yet, on the other hand, the tomb of the scipios, to name just a few wonders. In short, a stone's throw from the Colosseum you can find amazing places without crowds of tourists.
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  • Military facility open to the public where you can book tours and make checks, the military and civilian personnel well trained and friendly staff.
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