Basilica of San Giorgio in Velabro, Rome

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#120 of 252 in Historic Sites in Rome
San Giorgio in Velabro is a church in Rome, Italy, devoted to St. George.The church is located in the ancient Roman Velabrum, near the Arch of Janus, in the rione of Ripa. Sited near the River Tiber, it is within a complex of Republican-era pagan temples associated with the port of Rome. The ancient Arcus Argentariorum is attached to the side of the church's façade.San Giorgio in Velabro is the station church for the first Thursday in Lent.HistoryThe first religious building attested in the place of the current basilica is a diaconia, funded by Pope Gregory the Great.The current church was built during the 7th century, possibly by Pope Leo II, who dedicated it to Saint Sebastian. A 482 inscription in the catacombs of St. Callixtus probably refers of a church in the same zone. Its plan is irregular, indeed slightly trapezoidal, as a result of the frequent additions to the building. As can be seen from the lower photograph, the interior columns are almost randomly arranged having been taken from sundry Roman temples.
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Basilica of San Giorgio in Velabro Reviews
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  • You do not know the exact date of Foundation of this little church, but it seems that it should go up to at least 400-500. The Velabrum (etymology uncertain) was originally a marshy area between the Palatine Hill, the Capitoline Hill and the Tiber. Incidentally, according to legend, it is precisely the place where the twins Romulus and Remus were found by the Shepherd Faustulus. The Church was originally dedicated to Saint Sebastian. The dedication to St. George dates back to a later period (VIII century) when at the initiative of Pope Zachary were transferred in this church the relics of the Saint himself, according to tradition martyred under the Emperor Diocletian. After repeated collapses, destructions and reconstructions, the Church is now a sober façade covered in orange with plaster tympanum and circular window, preceded by a fine early medieval porch (said "narthex") supported by four massive ionic columns and the same number of angular pillars in brick. On the lintel is an inscription in Vulgar Latin, in memory of a reconstruction financed by such a "Stephanus former star", in good time prior of this church. On the left of the building stands the beautiful Romanesque Bell Tower at five levels marked by elegant cornices. The Windows of the three lower levels are blind, while those of the fourth and fifth are open; the arrangement gives it momentum, strength and set lightness to the entire structure. The Interior of the Church is shrinking from the entrance to the altar; do you know the reason of this oddity. The aisles are supported by two rows of eight vigorous columns of different shape, probably from ancient Roman buildings. Under a harmonious ciborium in four columns is the high altar, which guards inside his head and the sword of the eponymous Saint. The apsidal basin hosts a beautiful fresco by 1200 attributed to Piero Cavallini, representing Christ, the Virgin and several saints. Placed against the left wall of the Church, right next to the base of the Bell Tower, stand the ruins of the ancient "arcus argentariorum" that at the end of the second century a.d. the wealthy merchants of Rome erected in honour of Emperor Septimius Severus and his family. Despite its name, the structure is more like a door in an arc as such; so was later used as access to the nearby cattle market (the great cattle market of Imperial Rome). In July 1993 the Church was hit by a bomb attack that destroyed part of the façade and around the porch. The damage was repaired through a demanding reconstruction lasted three years, during which were patiently collected, catalogued and relocated in the same location as the original materials that the explosion had crumbled and lashed everywhere. A work of painstaking and meritorious, thanks to which it is now possible to admire this church almost as if the ugly incident had never occurred. The Church of San Giorgio al Velabro lying on the street, a few steps from the Arch of Janus. Avoid as much as possible to visit the Church during religious functions and marriages, widely occur at all times of the year. If you enter be sure to dress properly and remember to be a holy place.
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  • Made famous by the attacks dl 93 is in place of Rome well secluded. Nice inside with the narrowest part towards the apse which makes her understandably bigger. notably the ciborium. The left side sits on richly decorated Arch of Septimus Severus. pleasant room overlooking the entrance.
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  • located next to the Arch of Janus and maximum Cloca, this church, small in size, rose to the honours of the national Chronicles for the bombing which was made object. Restored, she returned his fascination of the 6th century. Its name comes from the river swamp "Velabrum, where legend has it the discovery of Romulus and Remus
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  • beautiful, very old church incorporating many more ancient elements. It was restored a few decades ago after being badly damaged by a mafia bombing
  • We stumbled upon this church by chance when we were just exploring the area the first day we spend in Rome. The inside of the church looks simpler than the more popular tourist sites, but you can just see the authenticity of the architecture and and Roman basilica style. In some ways it was actually more interesting
  • Definitely worth a visit
  • Possibly the loveliest church in Rome (and I've seen them all). Not hit by Baroque restructuring, it has retained its original athmosphere. The mixed set of re-used classical columns, the portico in front, re-used roman sculpture in the walls and the attached equally antique arco degli argentari make this a must-see. In a very lovely and quiet street, behind the Arco di Giano. Much to be prefered to the nearby worn-out boca della verita'.
  • A little-known Church but worth seeing. Very simple but very impressive. One of the most beautiful in Rome. Sin is little known or maybe it's just as well there's people you mouthy.
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