Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, Rome

4.7
#17 of 459 in Historic Sites in Rome
Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, a 16th-century church designed by Michelangelo, was built on the remains of the Baths of the Diocletian and is dedicated to the Christians who died constructing the baths. The church was previously the official state church of the kingdom of Italy. Today, national burials are held here. You can find the tombs of Gen. Armando Diaz and Adm. Paolo Thaon di Revel, both famous for their efforts in World War II. Pope Clement XI commissioned the 18th-century meridian line you can see on the marble floor. To learn how to read meridian lines, you can buy a book from the small store inside the church. In the courtyard, you can't miss the 5 m (16.4 ft) bronze statue of Galileo Galilei Divine Man, designed by Nobel laureate Tsung-Dao Lee in 1957). Plan to see Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri and other attractions that appeal to you using our Rome trip maker site .
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Basilica di Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri Reviews
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  • The Church of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martini, which Michelangelo ingeniously placed inside the Roman complex, preserving all its characteristic features. Under his plan the Church was supposed to be by today's Chinkvechenko square (five hundred), where is now located the Roman National Museum, n s 18th century Luigi Vanvitelli introduced various amendments have changed the initial project. Current entrance was opened kalidarii (hot baths) term that sharply however TU grandiosity, which Michelangelo obtained thanks to the extraordinary breadth of his entrance. The modern Atrium corresponds to tepidariju (warm baths) Therm t its reasonable decorations saves exactly its initial character. The central part of the Church, with the schema of a Greek cross, the preferred Buonarotti, corresponds to the Central Hall. Transverse nave corresponds to the central nave of Michelangelo and the eight monolithic columns of red granite, with unusual sizes: medium circle-5 m, height-14 m When the height was 16 m, but Michelangelo had to raise the floor at 2 m to to protect the Church from humidity. Luigi Vanvitelli in the mid-18th century, added in a new central nave, the same number of columns, under obmurovannyh granite with capitals of stucco. The apse also belongs to Vanvitelli, razrezavshego in two spacious pool, before remained intact.
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  • Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, built in the mid-16th century on the site of the ancient ruins of Diocletian, seemed surprisingly beautiful and equally amazing-unusual ... Due to atypical for Roman churches of the façade, which bequeathed from grandiose even by Roman standards, the baths of Diocletian. Interior of the Basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, what is no surprise — the authorship of Michelangelo to oblige. When checking the Basilica drew attention to another interesting detail-Meridian, which is a bronze line with yellow-white marble, which runs exactly along the Meridian, crossing Rome at 12 degrees and 30 minutes East longitude, as well as the Sundial Bianchini, built along a Meridian. To the right of the Meridian are pictures of summer and autumn zodiacal signs, left-spring and winter, so that every visitor can find if desired. Also with interest looked and at the corner with Orthodox icons, located not far from the chapel of St. Bruno.
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  • Nice church that is slightly different to the rest of them with a nice relaxing atmosphere to just walk around and reflect in.  more »
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  • Surely one of the most unusual and surprising churches in Rome. From outside it looks modest and unsightly, but then it opens to the vast space of partly preserved ancient roman baths (renovated into church in 16. century and thus saved from further decaying). You can see four big marble columns holding the middle dome. One can imagine what pleasure was visiting those baths in the roman time.
  • One of my favorite places to visit. It's a magnificent church with a very interesting history (designed by Michaelangel and built using the ruins of the Baths of Diocletian). There's a small museum that explains the history of the church. I fell in love with the meridian line. Unfortunately only one of the light sources has survived the remodels but it still works. In the Winter time the sun hits as much as 15 minutes after noon and in the summer it hits before noon. It hits exactly at noon on the Equinoxes. I posted a picture showing the light hitting the meridian (very exciting!)
  • This was the first on our list for our too short afternoon in Rome. We found it pretty easily and best of all, parking was close and we began our walk to see the sights. I'm glad my friend did the research for she picked a good collections of sights for our much-to-short visit to Rome. We went to the back and worked our way forward to this first of many humongous churches were were to see during our visit, and this did not disappoint. I think now in hindsight we could have taken several hours to see this church and nearby time would not allow...
  • This place was close to our hotel, so that is why we went there in the first place. There were some interesting items there, but the fact that this place used to be public place for Romans to take a shower and enjoy the steam rooms was somehow surprising. It was really fun visiting this place and would recommend people who stay nearby or people who have plenty of time visiting Rome (for example they stay there for two weeks or so) to visit this place.
  • The basilica is dedicated to the Christian martyrs, known and unknown. By a brief dated 27 July 1561, Pius IV ordered the church "built", to be dedicated to the Beatissimae Virgini et omnium Angelorum et Martyrum("the Most Blessed Virgin and all the Angels and Martyrs"). Impetus for this dedication had been generated by the account of a vision experienced in the ruins of the Baths in 1541 by a Sicilian monk, Antonio del Duca, who had been lobbying for decades for papal authorization of a more formal veneration of the Angelic Princes. A story that these Martyrs were Christian slave labourers who had been set to constructing the Baths is modern. It was also a personal monument of Pope Pius IV, whose tomb is in the apsidaltribune. The thermae of Diocletian dominated the Quirinal Hill with their ruined mass. Michelangelo Buonarroti worked from 1563 to 1564 to adapt a section of the remaining structure of the baths to enclose a church. Some later construction was directed by Luigi Vanvitelli in 1749. At Santa Maria degli Angeli, Michelangelo achieved a sequence of shaped architectural spaces, developed from a Greek cross, with a dominant transept, with cubical chapels at each end, and the effect of a transverse nave. There is no true facade; the simple entrance is set within one of the coved apses of a main space of the thermae. The vestibule with canted corners and identical side chapels—one chapel has the tomb of Salvator Rosa, the other of Carlo Maratta—leads to a second vestibule, repeated on the far side of the transept, dominated by the over lifesize Saint Bruno of Cologne by Jean Antoine Houdon(1766). Of the Saint Bruno, Pope Clement XIVsaid that he would speak, were it not for the vow of silence of the order he founded. The great vaulted transept emphasized the scale of the Roman constructions, 90.8 meters long, and with the floor that Michelangelo raised to bring it up to the 16th century street level, 28 meters high. Raising the floor truncated the red granite Roman columns that articulate the transept and its flanking spaces. Michelangelo made the transept 27 meters wide, thus providing vast cubical spaces at each end of the transept. In 2006, Polish-born sculptor Igor Mitorajcreated new bronze doors as well as a statue of John the Baptist for the basilica. In April 2010, a five metre high bronze statue of Galileo Galilei Divine Man (designed by 1957 Nobel laureate Tsung-Dao Lee) was unveiled in a courtyard within the complex.[citation needed]The statue (a dedication to the 17th century scientist and philosopher) was a donation from CCAST (China Center of Advanced Science and Technology) and WFS (World Federation of Scientists). Santa Maria degli Angeli was the official state church of the Kingdom of Italy (1870–1946). More recently, national burials have been held in the church. The church hosts the tombs of General Armando Diaz and Admiral Paolo Thaon di Revel, who were successful commanders during World War I on the Italian front. Also today the Basilica is used for many ceremonies, including the funeral of soldiers killed abroad.
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