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Anfiteatro Castrense, Rome

2.5
#451 of 527 in Historic Sites in Rome
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Anfiteatro Castrense Reviews
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8 reviews
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  • Beautiful copy A Colosseum in miniature pity that the visit of the inside can not be made but it has become little the inside occupied by the garden of the convent
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  • The 3rd century amphitheatre (then following the Colosseum) that was part of the Imperial Sessorian complex built by Heliogabalus, which occupied the entire area that now goes from the Aurelian Walls (which later incorporated the amphitheatre, upsetting it and making it become a defensive bastion) at the Greater Gate, and which included the Imperial Palace, this amphitheatre, the Elenian Baths, the mammoth Circus Variano, the domus of court dignitaries, etc. (currently in this area there are barracks. Holy Cross convent in Jerusalem and a decent part remained an archaeological area). The name Castrense given to the amphitheater could refer to a possible use by the troops (who used to dwell in the "castrum" i.e. in the camp) for training, military demonstrations or for ad hoc shows, or refer to membership of the imperial complex, because in late imperial times the name "castrum" became synonymous with "imperial dwelling". Unfortunately, very little of the original building remained, both for the upheavals in the Aurelian era, for the destruction/ruberie of later stone material, and for the re-uses of the little left: the inner part falls within the convent mentioned and it is used as a vegetable garden; only externally, pass the Aurelian walls (coming from the forecourt of St. Cross in Jerusalem), in Castrense Avenue you can admire a part of the southern outer wall of the amphitheater; the best view, in my opinion, is at the intersection of Via Monza with Castrense Avenue, from which you can embrace with your eyes almost the entire southern half of the amphitheatre ellipse.
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  • After a visit to the Basilica of Santa Croce in Gerzalemme, it was on foot to the cathedral of San Giovanni in Laterano. After leaving the Basilica of Santa Croce in Gerzalemme, there was the Castrense amphitheatre right on the left. Part of the outer wall of the arena is built into a part of the Aurelian wall. It is built in the third century and is the second oldest amphitheatre in Rome, second only to the Colosseum, but more than two floors are broken and only the first floor is left. The ruins of this amphitheatre are owned by the Basilica of Santa Croce in Gerzalemme right next door, and the field of the arena cannot be seen from the outside, but it is said that it is used for anything in the vegetable garden.
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