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Cumae (Cuma), Pozzuoli
(3.6/5 based on 220+ reviews on the web)
Cumae was an ancient city of Magna Graecia on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Founded by settlers from Euboea in the 8th century BC, Cumae was the first Greek colony on the mainland of Italy and the seat of the Cumaean Sibyl. The ruins of the city lie near the modern village of Cuma, a frazione of the comune Bacoli in the Province of Naples, Campania, Italy.MythologyCumae is perhaps most famous as the seat of the Cumaean Sibyl. Her sanctuary is now open to the public.In Roman mythology, there is an entrance to the underworld located at Avernus, a crater lake near Cumae, and was the route Aeneas used to descend to the Underworld.Early historyThe settlement, in a location that was already occupied, is believed to have been founded in the 8th century BC by Euboean Greeks, originally from the cities of Eretria and Chalcis in Euboea, which was accounted its mother-city by agreement among the first settlers. They were already established at Pithecusae (modern Ischia); they were led by the paired oecists (colonizers) Megasthenes of Chalcis and Hippocles of Cyme.
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TripAdvisor
  • Not crowded with tourists, it is not enough advertised but very interesting to visit, nice panorama, temple of Appolo and Giove, Antro della Sibilla, crypt. 
  • The site is fairly extensive, especially considering the different levels. There are still outdated and conflicting sites on the internet that create problems not for the first time. Little signs on the road. The cavern is again open to visitors, now also the crypta romana together with the degradation. Too bad you cannot exit the neglect, bad information, general degradation.
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  • Cuma is an extraordinary place with a history going back to the 8th century BC when the Greeks founded a colony there. There are Roman temples, located on the Acropolis, that were later converted to c...  more »