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Temple of Jupiter, Pompeii

(4.4/5 based on 130+ reviews on the web)
The Temple of Jupiter, Capitolium, or Temple of the Capitoline Triad was a temple in Roman Pompeii, at the north end of its forum. Initially dedicated to Jupiter alone, it was built in the mid-2nd century BC at the same time as the temple of Apollo was being renovated - this was the era at which Roman influence over Pompeii increased and so Roman Jupiter superseded the Greek Apollo as the town's highest god. Jupiter was the ruler of the gods and the protector of Rome, where his temple was the center of Roman Religion and of the cult of state.As the most important divinity in Ancient Rome, many temples were built to honor Jupiter or the entire Capitoline Triad (consisting of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva) in towns newly conquered by the Romans. This held true for Pompeii, where the previously existing Temple of Jupiter was enlarged and Romanized upon conquest.Pompeii was occupied by the Romans beginning in 310 BC. It maintained much of its autonomy, however, until the Italic Revolt against Rome at the beginning of the 1st century BC. In 89, the town was besieged by Sulla. Roman language, culture, and law would soon come to dominate the city.The architecture of the town had been largely changed by the Greeks, but Roman rule would soon lead to alterations in this style. In contrast to the previous Samnite occupiers, the Romans very much believed in the importance of architecture in religious and civic life. Pompeii was transformed into a much more public and open place. Public buildings and spaces would come to dominate the city.
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5 days in Florence, Pompeii & Rome BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES April, romantic, fast-paced, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: April, romantic ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Fast-paced 5 days in Italy BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES February, culture, relaxing, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: February, culture, relaxing, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 15 days in Italy BY A USER FROM ARGENTINA June, culture, romantic, historic sites, museums, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: June, culture, romantic, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 19 days in Italy BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES July, culture, romantic, historic sites, museums, slow & easy, popular PREFERENCES: July, culture, romantic, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Slow & easy 21 days in Italy BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, museums, shopping, popular PREFERENCES: June, culture, outdoors, relaxing, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 17 days in Italy BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA April, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums, popular PREFERENCES: April, kids, culture, outdoors, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 17 days in Italy BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA April, popular PREFERENCES: April ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 7 days in Venice, Pompeii & Rome BY A USER FROM UNITED STATES March, teens, kids, culture, relaxing, beaches, historic sites, popular PREFERENCES: March, teens, kids, culture, relaxing, beaches, historic sites ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 24 days in Italy BY A USER FROM CANADA May, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping, fast-paced, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: May, culture, outdoors, relaxing, romantic, beaches, historic sites, museums, shopping ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Fast-paced 12 days in Pompeii, Amalfi Coast & Capri BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA June, relaxing, historic sites, museums, popular PREFERENCES: June, relaxing, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular PACE: Medium 23 days in Italy BY A USER FROM AUSTRALIA July, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: July, culture, outdoors, historic sites, museums ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium 12 days in Italy BY A USER FROM CANADA September, popular & hidden gems PREFERENCES: September ATTRACTION STYLE: Popular & hidden gems PACE: Medium
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • In the temple is a little high from the Roman temple and far Vesuvius looks. Among the many ruins is occupies an important position. Summer isn't the shadow might be serious.
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  • This is the top of Pompeii. Visited while on tour in May 2012. From here you have great views of modern city below and mount Vesuvius which end destroyed Pompeii. 
  • The ruins of temple of Jupiter, I saw them in distance, a mystic temple, Jupiter was the god of lightning and thunder, and was a roman god; from here you have a nice view to the vulcano Vesuv, he is 1...  more »