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Temple of Jupiter, Pompeii
(4.4/5 based on 130+ reviews on the web)
The Temple of Jupiter, Capitolium, or Temple of the Capitoline Triad was a temple in Roman Pompeii, at the north end of its forum. Initially dedicated to Jupiter alone, it was built in the mid-2nd century BC at the same time as the temple of Apollo was being renovated - this was the era at which Roman influence over Pompeii increased and so Roman Jupiter superseded the Greek Apollo as the town's highest god. Jupiter was the ruler of the gods and the protector of Rome, where his temple was the center of Roman Religion and of the cult of state.As the most important divinity in Ancient Rome, many temples were built to honor Jupiter or the entire Capitoline Triad (consisting of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva) in towns newly conquered by the Romans. This held true for Pompeii, where the previously existing Temple of Jupiter was enlarged and Romanized upon conquest.Pompeii was occupied by the Romans beginning in 310 BC. It maintained much of its autonomy, however, until the Italic Revolt against Rome at the beginning of the 1st century BC. In 89, the town was besieged by Sulla. Roman language, culture, and law would soon come to dominate the city.The architecture of the town had been largely changed by the Greeks, but Roman rule would soon lead to alterations in this style. In contrast to the previous Samnite occupiers, the Romans very much believed in the importance of architecture in religious and civic life. Pompeii was transformed into a much more public and open place. Public buildings and spaces would come to dominate the city.
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TripAdvisor
  • I went to 8/2016. It is a temple of Jupiter in the Pompeii ruins. Location is between the arches of the two on the north side of Center Roman ruins of Pompeii. It seems the most important temple in the town of Pompeii.
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  • This Temple closes the large Forum Piazza on the North side. The name Capitolium comes from the fact that this Temple is dedicated to Jupiter, Juno and Minerva, the three Roman Gods, who were worshipp...  more »
  • .. .te imagine what they saw from this square when "vulcano" said enough... serious as the Sodom and Gomorrah... gruesome end of eara city... I have not so clear is on the ruins of this city will see another pompei of the 21st or 22nd century...
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