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Temple of Jupiter, Pompeii

(150+ reviews on the web)
Ruin Tourist Spot
The Temple of Jupiter, Capitolium, or Temple of the Capitoline Triad was a temple in Roman Pompeii, at the north end of its forum. Initially dedicated to Jupiter alone, it was built in the mid-2nd century BC at the same time as the temple of Apollo was being renovated - this was the era at which Roman influence over Pompeii increased and so Roman Jupiter superseded the Greek Apollo as the town's highest god. Jupiter was the ruler of the gods and the protector of Rome, where his temple was the center of Roman Religion and of the cult of state.As the most important divinity in Ancient Rome, many temples were built to honor Jupiter or the entire Capitoline Triad (consisting of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva) in towns newly conquered by the Romans. This held true for Pompeii, where the previously existing Temple of Jupiter was enlarged and Romanized upon conquest.Pompeii was occupied by the Romans beginning in 310 BC. It maintained much of its autonomy, however, until the Italic Revolt against Rome at the beginning of the 1st century BC. In 89, the town was besieged by Sulla. Roman language, culture, and law would soon come to dominate the city.The architecture of the town had been largely changed by the Greeks, but Roman rule would soon lead to alterations in this style. In contrast to the previous Samnite occupiers, the Romans very much believed in the importance of architecture in religious and civic life. Pompeii was transformed into a much more public and open place. Public buildings and spaces would come to dominate the city.
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Reviews
TripAdvisor
  • Just like the Temple of Apollo, it is pretty hard to miss the Temple of Jupiter. Make sure you use a guide when in the confines of Pompeii, as the guide will point out many amazing structures and area...  more »
  • Part of the wide Forum at the heart of Pompeii, this is probably the most photographed view of the whoole site. The impressive ruins of the temple of Jupiter with the brooding image of Mount Vesuvius ...  more »
  • Soon after you get into Pompeii you see the Temple of Jupiter.Such a large space and with Mount Vesuvius towering over it.We went on a sunny day so very blue sky.  more »