Temple of Jupiter, Pompeii

4.5
The Temple of Jupiter, Capitolium, or Temple of the Capitoline Triad was a temple in Roman Pompeii, at the north end of its forum. Initially dedicated to Jupiter alone, it was built in the mid-2nd century BC at the same time as the temple of Apollo was being renovated - this was the era at which Roman influence over Pompeii increased and so Roman Jupiter superseded the Greek Apollo as the town's highest god. Jupiter was the ruler of the gods and the protector of Rome, where his temple was the center of Roman Religion and of the cult of state.As the most important divinity in Ancient Rome, many temples were built to honor Jupiter or the entire Capitoline Triad (consisting of Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva) in towns newly conquered by the Romans. This held true for Pompeii, where the previously existing Temple of Jupiter was enlarged and Romanized upon conquest.Pompeii was occupied by the Romans beginning in 310 BC. It maintained much of its autonomy, however, until the Italic Revolt against Rome at the beginning of the 1st century BC. In 89, the town was besieged by Sulla. Roman language, culture, and law would soon come to dominate the city.The architecture of the town had been largely changed by the Greeks, but Roman rule would soon lead to alterations in this style. In contrast to the previous Samnite occupiers, the Romans very much believed in the importance of architecture in religious and civic life. Pompeii was transformed into a much more public and open place. Public buildings and spaces would come to dominate the city.
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  • The whole system boasts great sights. The Temple of Jupiter should be visited on all cases.
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  • Not as well preserved, but extensive site and a great view of Vesuvius. With the Guide, we heard many stories interesting places.
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  • This place does not look like temple actually, perhaps because it was not preserved that well. However, this is a large beautiful area, where you can go for a nice stroll and enjoy the sense of ancien...  more »

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Where to stay in Pompeii

For easy foot access to Pompeii's archeological sites, consider checking into a hotel or B&B near the world-famous excavations. You can walk around the ruins by day and enjoy panoramic views of the area from your balcony by night. Centrally located Pompeii hotels are conveniently situated near the area's main road and railway networks, making them an ideal base for exploring the surrounding region and the Amalfi Coast. You can also choose to book your rooms in nearby Sorrento or Naples, which offer a wider range of less expensive hostels and self-catering apartments.
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