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San Bartolomeo in Pantano, Pistoia

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San Bartolomeo in Pantano is a church in Pistoia, Tuscany, central Italy, dedicated to St. Bartholomew the Apostle. The pantano of the name refers to the once marshy area in which the building was located.HistoryThe church and the annexed abbey were founded during the Lombard domination of Italy, between 726 and 764, by the Lombard physician Gaiduald. Here a group of Benedictines were established under the protection of the Marquises of Tuscany. The complex was first restored in the 12th century by Abbot Buono.In 1433 the Benedictines were replaced by Lateranense Canons, member of the Augustinian Order. When they were suppressed, the monastery was given to the Vallumbrosan Order, which remained here in 1810, the church then becoming a parish church.OverviewThe church gained its present appearance at the time of Buono in 1159, being in the Pistoiese Romanesque style. Characteristic of this style is the façade, divided into five compartments with arches supported by slender columns, and with a marble bichrome decoration. The facade has notable examples of Romanesque art in the lions sculptures of the façade corners and of the portal, and the architrave depicting "Jesus with the Twelve Apostles" (dated to 1167).The interior was much changed over the centuries, but a restoration held in 1951-1961 brought it to the original appearance. In the apse was found a Christ in Majesty between Saints and Angels from the late 13th century, attributed to one Manfredino d'Alberto. The pulpit sculpted in the mid 13th century by Guido da Como was also restored. The wooden crucifix in the high altar is from an unknown sculptor with a style resembling that of Giovanni Pisano.
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  • Its erection dates back to the Lombard period and more exactly between 726 and 764 by the Lombard physician Gaidoaldo. Later settled there the Benedictines, and then the Marquis of Tuscia. In the mid 12th century was renewed by Abbot Buono. In 1433 the castle when the canons of the order of Saint Augustine, known as mini cotton reels. It is to them that we owe the introduction of the custom of making the feast of san Bartolomeo a anointing on the kids face to preserve them from the snares of the spirits. In 1779 the monastery was entrusted to the Vallombrosani that remained until 1810. Later the Church was converted into a parish. The current appearance of the Church shows the shapes desired by the prior good in 1159, following the classic characters of Romanesque pistoiese, in particular in the façade, adorned with five arches supported by slender columns and edged by marble strips once. This Duotone is repeated in several other areas of the façade and is invoked in other buildings. Always in front are perfectly preserved, dating from the Romanesque period, remarkable sculptures, including the Lions at the corners and a central arch and lintel attributed to the sculpted architrave of, where is the episode of the incredulity of Thomas, showing the date of the customer's name, tal Rodolfino 1167. The interiors have undergone over the centuries numerous additions and renovations, largely eliminated following a major restoration conducted between the years 1951 and 1961. The occasion was restored a paving in Opus signinum, were called into light the walls of blocks of stone and reopened the mullioned Windows. Were also found traces of ancient paintings: indeed in the apsidal Calotte on a blue background you can admire a Christ in Majesty between Saints and Angels performed towards the end of the 13th century and attributed to Manfredino by Alberto. The restoration also covered the parapet of the pulpit carved in the mid-13th century by Guido da Como and the forms of other master now placed in the wall. The wooden crucifix above the high altar is the work of a sculptor from the school of Giovanni Pisano.
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  • We had the opportunity to visit the Church, the cloister and the Abbot's apartment through the special opening due to the FAI's day. The place is very impressive and the Interior of the apartment are well kept and full of history (the apartment is inhabited by the pastor of the Church). The cloister shows nothing special since the passage of time has erased all traces of the structure being passed. The Church instead shows off her nice medieval structure with different styles.
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  • Visited thanks to Days of FAI, a talented Guide explained the history of this church and the Abbey connected to her. Impossible not to visit it. 24/8 there is celebrated the patronal feast
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