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Fortezza di Santa Barbara, Pistoia

2.5
#14 of 20 in Sightseeing in Pistoia
Architectural Building Tourist Spot
Fortezza di Santa Barbara is located in Pistoia. Take a look at our Pistoia vacation builder to schedule your visit to Fortezza di Santa Barbara and learn about what else to see and do during your holiday.
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  • This is a large fortress built on top of an earlier one attached to the town wall. It was built for Cosimo Medici for the protection of the town. It sustained one siege in 1643. The fortress seems to ...  more »
  • Splendid example of Medicean fortifications intact and in a beautiful setting applies a view dedicated
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  • The fortress was built over a pre-existing medieval fortress erected by the Florentines in 1331 near a chapel dedicated to St Barnabas and that was destroyed by the inhabitants of Pistoia in retaliation in 1343, still has the great tower and some traces of these ancient structures. Was built by order of Cosimo I de ' Medici, who entrusted the project to Nanni Unghero. Construction began in 1539 and was directed by Giovan Battista Bellucci. The intent was to create a strong imprint to the dominant presence of Florentines and give it a shot final to Pistoiese rather than warlike ambitions of threats from outside. The core was further enlarged by Bernardo Buontalenti that connected with a new bulwark directly to walls. Some centuries later the Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo, in 1774, the disarmed since throughout its history had supported a single siege, that of 1643, when the Barberini troops attacked the city and were defeated. It was later used as a barracks, military prison and even as a district. Inside the Germans in 1944 shot four young partisans of Pistoia. The fortress is located on the southeast corner of the city walls, bastions and sturdy walls with quadrilateral Escarpment made of bricks. The entrance is located in the Centre of cortina, the parapets are tilted, the gunner are located along the sides straight and the vertical part of the curtain is quite developed in height. Responds exclusively to manufacturing criteria of military architecture and has no formal or decorative solutions as was typical of military architecture of Cosimo I°.
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